Place:Prescott, Ontario, Canada

Watchers
NamePrescott
Alt namesPrescott Cntysource: WeRelate abbreviation
Prescott Cosource: WeRelate abbreviation
TypeCounty
Coordinates45.5°N 74.8°W
Located inOntario, Canada     (1800 - )
Also located inUpper Canada, Canada     (1792 - 1841)
Canada West, Canada     (1841 - 1867)
See alsoPrescott and Russell, Ontario, Canadaunited county of which Prescott is a part
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Prescott County is a historic county in the Canadian province of Ontario.

It was created in 1800 from a portion of Glengarry County. It was named in honor of Major General Robert Prescott, Governor of Canada at that time. First settlers were Americans, but not all were Loyalists. It later merged with Russell County to form Prescott and Russell United Counties.

Research Tips

The primary source for basic documents (vital statistics, land records, wills) for people who lived in the Province of Ontario is the Archives of Ontario, 134 Ian Macdonald Blvd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M7A 2C5.

Early Records

Civil registration did not begin in the province until 1869. Before then there may be church records of baptisms and burials. For the most part these are still held by the denomination who recorded them. Copies of marriage records made pre-1869 had to be sent by individual clergymen to the registrar of the county in which the marriage took place. These marriage records are available through Ontario Archives, on micorfilm through LDS libraries, and on paid and unpaid websites, but because they were copied at the registrars' offices, they cannot be considered a primary source.

Vital Records after 1869

Birth, marriage and death registrations are not open to the public until a specific number of years after the event occurred. Births to 1914 are now available [October 2012]; dates for marriages and deaths are later. Birth and death registration was not universally carried out in the early years after its adoption. Deaths were more apt to be reported than births for several years. The more rural the area, the less likely it would be that these happenings were reported to the authorities.
Images and indexes of civil registrations for the "viewable" years can be found on paid websites, and indexes only on FamilySearch. The latest year published is not yet available online. The FamilySearch Wiki on Ontario Vital Records explains how these records are organized and their availability.

Land Records and Wills

Information on how to access land records and wills is best sought on the Archives of Ontario website. An ancestor's land holding might be found on Canadian County Atlas Digital Project if he was in occupancy circa 1878.

Association for the Preservation of Ontario Land Registry Office Documents (APOLROD). A list of Land Registry Offices for all Counties of Ontario.

Censuses

The original censuses are in the hands of Library and Archives Canada. All of the original census (1851-1911) images are online with the exception of that for 1861. Not all of them are indexed. Later censuses are not yet available. Census divisions were redrawn as the population increased and more land was inhabited.
Other websites, some paid and some free, also provide Canadian census originals and/or indexes online. One can view censuses on microfilm at the Archives of Ontario or at big libraries throughout Canada.

E-books and Books

  • The Internet Archive, particularly texts from Canadian universities, can contain interesting material
  • Our Roots is a Canadian website similar to The Internet Archive
  • Global Genealogy is an online bookshop specializing in Ontario material who will ship anywhere in the world.

The convenor of the Prescott GenWeb page notes that the following places no longer exist or, at least, could not be located on current maps:

  • Alfred Centre, Carratraca Springs, Chard, Fraser Ridge, Gratton Corners, Bradley Creek, Johnson's Ferry, Kerry, Lalonde, Chevrier, East Hawkesbury Mills, Maple Row, Henry, Laflamme Corners, Little Rideau, Hatsfield, Laframboise, Val Nation / Little or Petite Nation / South Nation, St-Thomas-d'Alfred, Valfranc, Rose Corner, Stepney, Springhill, Riviera Estate, Ladéroute.
  • Also, Ste-Anne was once called Beaver. Fenaghvale was once called Caledonia Flats. Routhier was called Grevy.
  • The Prescott GenWeb pages also include details from Lovell's Directories of 1851 and 1871, descriptions of the original townships made in 1896, as well as descriptions of the presents towns (=municipalities), and a list of Prescott County families being researched. The map page is very interesting. There is a list of published books.
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Prescott County, Ontario. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.