Place:Plaquemines, Louisiana, United States

Watchers


NamePlaquemines
Alt namesPlaqueminessource: Getty Vocabulary Program
TypeParish
Coordinates29.45°N 89.7°W
Located inLouisiana, United States
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Plaquemines Parish (; Louisiana French: Paroisse des Plaquemines) is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. As of the 2010 census the population is 23,042. The parish seat is Pointe à la Hache. The parish was formed in 1807.

Plaquemines Parish is part of the New OrleansMetairie, LA Metropolitan Statistical Area. It was severely damaged in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina in 2005, and in hurricane events in 2011.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The name "Plaquemines," in French Creole, was derived from the Atakapa word, piakimin, meaning the local fruit persimmon. The French used it to name a military post they built on the banks of the Mississippi River, as the site was surrounded by numerous persimmon trees. Eventually the name was applied to the entire parish and to a nearby bayou.

The oldest European settlement in the parish was La Balize, where the French built and inhabited a crude fort by 1699 near the mouth of the Mississippi River. The name in French meant "seamark", a tall structure of wood built as a guide for ships. By 1721 the French built one high. A surviving map from about 1720 shows the island and fort, and the mouth of the river.

As traffic and trade on the river increased, so did the importance of river pilots who were knowledgeable about the complicated, ever-changing currents and sandbars in the river. They lived at La Balize with their families. The village was destroyed and rebuilt numerous times, but it was abandoned for good after being destroyed by a September 1860 hurricane. The pilots moved upriver and built the settlement they named Pilottown, which reached its peak of population in the 19th century. The river pilots' expertise continues to be critical, but now they generally live with their families in more populated areas. They stay at Pilottown temporarily for work.

An important historical site is Fort Jackson, built in 1822 as recommended by General Andrew Jackson, hero of the Battle of New Orleans in the War of 1812. In 1861, Fort Jackson served as an important Confederate defense for the city of New Orleans during the Civil War because it was at the mouth of the Mississippi River. The US Army used it as a training base during World War I, 1917-1918.

Plaquemines is one of only two parishes that have kept their same boundaries from the beginning of Louisiana's parishes in 1807 to today, the other being St. Bernard Parish.

Timeline

Date Event Source
1807 Court records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1807 Land records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1807 Marriage records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1807 Probate records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1810 First census Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1810 No significant boundary changes after this year Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1907 County formed Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources

Population History

source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
Census Year Population
1810 1,549
1820 2,354
1830 4,489
1840 5,060
1850 7,390
1860 8,494
1870 10,552
1880 11,575
1890 12,541
1900 13,039
1910 12,524
1920 10,194
1930 9,608
1940 12,318
1950 14,239
1960 22,545
1970 25,225
1980 26,049
1990 25,575

Research Tips

External links

www.rootsweb.com/~laplaque/lapaque.htm


This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Plaquemines Parish, Louisiana. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.