At the time of the 2001 census, the parish had a population of 761.
Orgreave became nationally famous in 1984 due to the "Battle of Orgreave", when Orgreave Coking Plant was picketed by striking coal miners, with several days of confrontation between miners and police officers.
Orgreave Coking Plant closed in 1990. In the 1990s a large area of the parish formed part of a site used for opencast mining by UK Coal; production ended in 2005 when the site ran out of coal. The site is now known as Waverley and is to be redeveloped in the next 20 years. The first major planning application, which includes the construction of 4,000 homes, was submitted in August 2008 by Harworth Estates.