Place:Newington, London, England

NameNewington
Alt namesNewington Buttssource: Savage 3:289
Newington St. Marysource: original ecclesiastical parish
TypeParish (ancient), Civil parish
Coordinates51.4976°N 0.0948°W
Located inLondon, England     (1889 - 1930)
Also located inSurrey, England     ( - 1889)
See alsoBrixton (hundred), Surrey, Englandancient hundred in which it was situated
Southwark, London, Englandmetropolitan borough in which it was located 1900-1965
Southwark (London Borough), Greater London, EnglandLondon borough covering the area since 1965
source: Family History Library Catalog

NOTE: Newington should not be confused with Stoke Newington or Newington Green, both now located in the London Borough of Hackney.

the following text is based on an article in Wikipedia

Newington is a part of central London, England, and part of the London Borough of Southwark. It was an ancient parish and the site of the early administration of the county of Surrey. It was the location of the County of London Sessions House from 1917, in a building now occupied by the Inner London Crown Court.

Contents

History

the following text is a condensation of an article in Wikipedia

The area remained as a farming village with a low level of population until the second half of the 18th century. There was a little industry, for example, the manufacture of clay pipes for tobacco smoking. In William Shakespeare's time, there was a theatre called Newington Butts (also the name of a street in the area) and later there were further theatres. Newington gained in importance with the creation of the Westminster Bridge in 1750 and the associated improvements of London Bridge which required a series of new roads across St George's Fields to interconnect the routes from them and allow traffic from Westminster and Chelsea and places further north to travel south and to Southwark without transitting through the City. These routes were Westminster Bridge Road and Borough Road for the West End and Southwark; for the route to the south London Road and St George's Road supplemented and by-passed the Borough High Street and Newington Causeway. All of these roads converged at a junction where there was a blacksmith's forge and inn called Elephant and Castle which then became a name to signify the area. Traffic heading to the southeast from the West End was connected to the older route from the City of London and Southwark to Kent as New Kent Road from Newington to a junction with the older route at the Bricklayers Arms.

New roads brought development opportunities. The local landowner started to sell some of his farmland. The 19th century brought more dense speculative housebuilding, and some philanthropic provision too. The Trinity House Newington Estate, laid out on on property the institution was left in the seventeenth century, became a high class residential district and is still largely in existence.

Further urban stimulus was given by the arrival of mainline railway routes from the City to the south, the London, Chatham and Dover Railway built a station at Elephant and Castle in 1863. In 1890 the City and South London Railway (now the Northern Line City Branch of London Underground) was projected through the area with stations at what was termed 'Kennington' (but in fact within Newington) and also at Elephant. In 1906 the new Bakerloo line of London Underground also terminated at the Elephant.

Local governance

The parish of Newington St Mary was part of the Brixton Hundred of Surrey and this contained all of the manor of Walworth. In 1855 it came within the area of responsibility of the Metropolitan Board of Works and the parish vestry was incorporated as a local authority. In 1889 the parish became part of the County of London. There was a reorganisation of local government in 1900 and the parish became part of the Metropolitan Borough of Southwark and the vestry was abolished. The civil parish was finally abolished in 1930. The parish was of 633 acres (2.56 km2) and the population peaked in 1901 at 121,863. Newington is the northern part of Walworth on the adjacent map.

Ecclesiastical parish

The ancient parish, dedicated to St Mary, was in the Diocese of Winchester until 1877, then the Diocese of Rochester until 1905, and then finally in the Diocese of Southwark. From 1826, as the population of Newington increased, a number of new parishes were formed:

  • Newington Holy Trinity in 1826
  • Walworth St Peter in 1826
  • Newington St Paul in 1857
  • Walworth St John in 1860
  • Newington All Saints in 1866
  • Newington St Matthew in 1868
  • Walworth St Mark in 1870
  • Walworth St Stephen (Walworth Common) in 1871
  • All Souls (Grosvenor Park) in 1871
  • Newington St Andrew in 1877

In addition, as the population of neighbouring areas increased, parts of Newington parish were included in new parishes:

  • Kennington Park St Agnes in 1874 with parts of Lambeth St Mary
  • Camberwell St Mark in 1880 with parts of Camberwell St Giles

People

The scientist Michael Faraday was born here, in Newington Butts, in 1791. Charles Babbage (1791-1871), the promoter of the first computing machine, in Walworth Road; William Jowett, a 19th-century missionary and author, was born at Newington in 1787, as was the visionary English artist Samuel Palmer in 1805 in Surrey Square. Also born here was William John Swainson (1789-1855), the ornithologist and renowned natural history artist.

Greater London Research Tips

  • See wiki.familysearch.org under "London" and also under "Middlesex", "Surrey" and "Kent" for key information about Greater London's jurisdictions and records, plus links to indexes, reference aids and Family History Library holdings.
  • The London Metropolitan Archives (40 Northampton Road, Clerkenwell, London EC1R 0HB) holds records relating to the whole of Greater London. Ancestry (subscription necessary) has produced transcriptions and provides images of lists of baptisms, marriages, and burials in churches across Greater London. These lists start in 1813 and stretch into the 20th century.
  • GENUKI has a long list of websites and archive holders in addition to London Metropolitan Archives above. (The list from GENUKI is not maintained so well that there is never a dead link in it. However, it is often worth googling the title given on the page just in case the contributor has reorganized their website.)
  • GENUKI also has a list of the Archives and Local Studies Libraries for each of the boroughs of Greater London.
  • The London Encyclopaedia by Ben Weinreb and Christopher Hibbert. An e-book available online through Google, originally published by Pan Macmillan. There is a search box in the left-hand pane.
  • London Lives. A very useful free website for anyone researching their London ancestors between the years 1690-1800. This is a fully searchable edition of 240,000 manuscripts from eight archives and fifteen datasets, giving access to 3.35 million names.
  • London Ancestor, a website belonging to one of the London family history societies, has a list of transcriptions of directories from the 18th century, listing in one case "all the squares, streets, lanes, courts, yards, alleys, &C. in and about Five Miles of the Metropolis..." In other parts of the same website are maps of various parts of 19th century London and Middlesex.
  • The proceedings of the Old Bailey, London's central criminal court, 1674-1913. A fully searchable edition of the largest body of texts detailing the lives of non-elite people ever published, containing 197,745 criminal trials held at London's central criminal court. This website is free to use.
  • Registration Districts in London, Registration Districts in Middlesex, Registration Districts in Surrey, Registration Districts in Kent, are lists of the registration districts used for civil registration (births, marriages and deaths, as well as the censuses). There are linked supporting lists of the parishes which made up each registration district, the dates of formation and abolition of the districts, the General Register Office numbers, and the local archive-holding place. This work has been carried out by Brett Langston under the agency of GENUKI (Genealogy United Kingdom and Ireland) and UKBMD - Births, Marriages, Deaths & Censuses on the Internet.
  • The Victoria County History Series only has as yet one volume dealing with London. This outlines the history of the religious houses of the borough of Southwark and the cities of London and Westminster. Most of the material will predate most genealogical searches.
  • A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 4, chapter on Newington first published 1912 and available online through British History Online.
  • Old Maps of Southwark provided by the London Borough of Southwark.
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Newington, London. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • The map at the top of the page is based on a map from London Ancestor.
  • The second map, "Southwark areas", is copied from Wikipedia and licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0. The original uploader was Se16boy.