Moree is a major agricultural centre, noted for its part in the Australian cotton growing industry which was established there in the early 1960s. The town is located at the junction of the Newell Highway and Gwydir Highway and can be reached by daily train and air services from Sydney. It is situated in the Shire of Moree Plains. Like many towns and cities in Australia, Moree shares its name with a much smaller community in Northern Ireland in County Tyrone. At the 2011 census, Moree had a population of 9,346 which was an increase from 9,247 in 2006.
Moree is home to artesian hot spring baths which are famous for their reputed healing qualities.