|Alt names||Mardin||source: Cambridge World Gazetteer (1988); Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961); USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers|
|Mardin Ili||source: Getty Vocabulary Program|
|Mardin Vilayeti||source: NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)|
|Marḋin||source: Encyclopædia Britannica (1988) VII, 830|
|Marḋin province||source: Getty Vocabulary Program|
|See also||Güneydoğu Anadolu,||removed name of Region|
- source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
- source: Family History Library Catalog
- the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia
Mardin Province is a province of Turkey with a population of 744,606. The population was 835,173 in 2000. The capital of the Mardin Province is Mardin ("Mardin" in related Semitic language Arabic: ماردين, Mardīn). Located near the traditional boundary of Anatolia and Mesopotamia, it has a diverse population, composed by Kurdish, Turkish, Arab and Syriac people.
The local Syriacs, while very reduced due to the results of the 1915 massacres, hold on to two of the oldest monasteries in the world, Dayro d-Mor Hananyo (Turkish Deyrülzafaran, English Saffron Monastery) and Deyrulumur Monastery. The Christian community is concentrated on the Tur Abdin plateau and in the town of Midyat, with a smaller community (approximately 100) in the provincial capital.
Politically, the area in the early 2000s has witnessed competition between the governing Justice and Development Party and the mainly Kurdish-based Democratic People's Party, later revamped as Peace and Democracy Party.
Unemployment and poverty are serious problems, and there has been considerable out migration to western and southern Turkey, although the reduction in political violence (mainly related to the PKK-led insurgency), coupled with infrastructure improvements such as a new civil airport at the provincial capital and improvements to the Ankara-Baghdad highway are helping ameliorate matters.
Mardin comes from the Syriac word (ܡܪܕܐ) and means "fortresses".