Longview is a city in Gregg and Harrison Counties in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 Census, the population was 80,455. Most of the city is located in Gregg County, of which it is the county seat; only a small part extends into the western part of neighboring Harrison County. It is situated in East Texas, on the grid of Interstate 20 and U.S. Highways 80 and 259, just north of the Sabine River. Longview is a commercial hub for the Longview Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Longview is the principal city of the Longview Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is part of the larger MSA made up of Gregg, Upshur, and Rusk Counties (population 271,669). Longview is considered a major hub city in the region, as is the nearby city of Tyler.
The city of Longview was founded in the 1870s by Ossamus Hitch Methvin, Sr. In 1870, Methvin sold 100 acres to the Southern Pacific Railroad for one dollar. Later that year, he sold an additional 100 acres for $500 in gold. He hoped the railroad would increase the land's value. Methvin also coined the name of the town, when he stated, "What a long view!" from his home. In June 1871, Longview was incorporated. Longview became the first town in Gregg County to do so.
In 1942, the Big Inch pipeline began being built in Longview. From 1943-45, the pipeline transported over 261,000,000 barrels of crude oil to the East Coast. At the time of construction, it, along with its smaller twin, Little Inch, was the longest petroleum pipeline ever built. Both were fundamental in the United States war effort in World War II.