Place:Lawrence, Tennessee, United States

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source: Family History Library Catalog


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Lawrence County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 41,869. Its county seat and largest city is Lawrenceburg.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Created by an act of the Tennessee General Assembly on October 21, 1817, Lawrence County was formed from lands previously part of Hickman and Giles counties.[1]

It was named in honor of Captain James Lawrence (1781–1813),[1] who while commanding the USS Chesapeake in an 1813 battle with the Royal Navy frigate HMS Shannon, issued his famous command: "Don't give up the ship! Blow her up." His men did anyway and Lawrence died of wounds.

Lawrenceburg was chosen as the county seat in 1819 as it was near the center of the county and because Jackson's Military Road ran just east of the town. In April 1821, the road was redirected through the center of the Lawrenceburg. The military road, the main route from Natchez, Mississippi, to Nashville, Tennessee, played a significant role in the county's development.[1]

An early resident was David Crockett, who served as one of the county's first commissioners and justices of the peace. Crockett lived in the county for several years and ran a water-powered grist mill, powder mill and distillery on Shoal Creek, where David Crockett State Park is now located.

In the early 1870s, many German Catholics moved into the area, including skilled tradesmen. After the arrival of the railroad in 1883, the county became a major source of iron ore.[1]

Between 1908 and 1915, there was an influx of settlers from Alabama. Most were cotton growers or worked in the timber industry. Logging soon declined, since the forests were not replanted after trees were harvested; however, cotton continued to be a major crop until the 1960s.[1]

In 1944, Amish people moved to the area and established a community in the north of the county.[1] The Old Order Amish community has now become a tourist attraction.

On April 16, 1998, an F5 tornado hit the county, part of the 1998 Nashville tornado outbreak.

Timeline

Date Event Source
1817 County formed Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1818 Court records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1818 Marriage records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1819 Land records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1820 First census Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1829 Probate records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1860 No significant boundary changes after this year Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1908 Birth records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources

Population History

source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
Census Year Population
1820 3,271
1830 5,411
1840 7,121
1850 9,280
1860 9,320
1870 7,601
1880 10,383
1890 12,286
1900 15,402
1910 17,569
1920 23,593
1930 26,776
1940 28,726
1950 28,818
1960 28,049
1970 29,097
1980 34,110
1990 35,303

Research Tips

External Links

  • Outstanding guide to Lawrence County family history and genealogy resources (FamilySearch Research Wiki). Birth, marriage, and death records, censuses, wills, deeds, county histories, cemeteries, churches, naturalizations, newspapers, libraries, and genealogical societies.


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