Place:Lafayette, Lafayette, Louisiana, United States

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NameLafayette
Alt namesLittle Manchacsource: USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS22009094
Pinhoolsource: USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS22009094
Vermilionsource: USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS22009094
Vermilionvillesource: Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 497
Vermillion Bridgesource: USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS22009094
Vermillionvillesource: USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS22009094
Village of Saint Jean Au Vermilionsource: USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS22009094
TypeCity
Coordinates30.214°N 92.029°W
Located inLafayette, Louisiana, United States     (1775 - )
Contained Places
Cemetery
Lafayette Memorial Park
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Lafayette is a city located along the Vermilion River in southwestern Louisiana. The city of Lafayette is the fourth-largest in the state, with a population of 120,623 at the 2010 census. The combined statistical area of Lafayette–Opelousas-Morgan City was 611,774 according to 2012 estimates. Lafayette is the parish seat of Lafayette Parish, Louisiana.

The European-American city was founded as Vermilionville in 1821 by Jean Mouton, a French-speaking man of Acadian descent. In 1884, it was renamed for General Gilbert du Motier, marquis de Lafayette, the French military hero who fought with and significantly aided the American Army during the American Revolutionary War. The city's economy was primarily based on agriculture until the 1940s, when the petroleum and natural gas industries became dominant. In recent years, health care and related services have become increasingly important.

Lafayette is considered the center of Acadiana, the area of Cajun culture in Louisiana and the United States. It developed after Acadians were relocated here following their expulsion by the British from eastern Canada in the late 18th century following the defeat of France in the Seven Years War.

The city is a destination for tourism attracted to its Cajun culture. There is also a Louisiana Creole influence in the area. Most Creoles of color and their descendants originated to the east in New Orleans, descendants first of French colonists and African slaves, then a third class of free people of color, French speaking and Catholic. The Creole and Cajun cuisines are among the most famous regional cuisines of the United States.

This city should not be confused with the former city of Lafayette in Jefferson Parish, Louisiana; that city was absorbed into New Orleans in 1852.

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