The short-lived Kokura Prefecture (小倉県 Kokura-ken) of Japan was founded separately from Fukuoka prefecture in December 1871 after the clan system was abolished earlier that year. It was made up of three separate han territories (Buzen, Kokura and Nakatsu) which were each for a short while in 1871 themselves called 'prefectures'.
Kokura prefecture included Moji, Kokura and other areas to the south and was formerly called Buzen Province. In 1876 Kokura prefecture was absorbed by Fukuoka prefecture. The city of Kokura was founded in 1900.