Place:Issoudun, Indre, France

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NameIssoudun
TypeCommune
Coordinates46.95°N 1.983°E
Located inIndre, France
source: Family History Library Catalog
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Issoudun is a commune in the Indre department in the central region of France. It is also referred to as Issoundun, which is the ancient name.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Middle Ages

In 1195, Richard I of England defended the city from the advances of Philip II of France. Around this time the remarkable beak-shaped keep of the castle was built.

In 1499, Cesare Borgia, son of Pope Alexander VI, married Charlotte d'Albret, and as a dowry, was given, amongst other titles, the Lordship of Issoudun.

World War I

In 1917, the U.S. Air Service established its largest European training centre, the 3rd Aviation Instruction Center, about nine miles northwest of the town. At the time of the Armistice, 11 November 1918, thirteen fields were in operation and well over 10,000 ground personnel, student pilots and instructors were located there. It was at that time the largest air base in the world. A single monument on Department Route 960 remains to mark Issoudun's part in the Great War.

The United States Air Service formally left Issoudun on June 28, 1919, almost eight months after the war ended. The sites of the former airfields have returned to their previous status as agricultural fields.

On 28 June 2009, the people of Issoudun had a commemoration ceremony in honour of the American aviators who had trained, and in many cases, died while training there.

Recent Events

On 14th July, 2009, Bastille Day, Issoudun hosted the arrival of the 10th stage of the Tour De France.

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