Illogan (Cornish: Egloshal) is a village and civil parish in Cornwall, England, two miles (3 km) northwest of Redruth. The population of Illogan was 5,404 at the 2011 census. In the same year the population of the Camborne-Redruth urban area (formerly Camborne-Redruth Urban District), which also includes Carn Brea, Illogan and several satellite villages, stood at 55,400 making it the largest conurbation in Cornwall.
Originally a rural area supporting itself by farming and agriculture, Illogan shared in the general leap into prosperity brought about by the mining boom, which was experienced by the whole Camborne-Redruth area.
The parish church was dedicated to St Illogan (Ylloganus or Euluganus) and St Edmund; the earliest reliable reference, dated 1235, refers to the Ecclesia of Eglossalau. By 1844, the church had become too small to serve a vastly increasing mining population, so a new church was built to the designs of J. P. St Aubyn at a cost of £2,875 and came into use on 4 November 1846. The Bell Tower is all that remains of the old church; Trinity House refused to allow its removal as it provided a useful landmark for shipping. The church reopened in 2012 after extensive repairs to the roof.
The ecclesiastical parish extends beyond Carn Brea and includes long stretches of the North Cliffs - from Reskajeage Downs on the North Cliffs to Cambrose, with a population of 12,500 people. It was split into three civil parishes - Illogan; Carn Brea, which includes the village of Pool; and Portreath.
The civil parish has a population of 5,404 and stretches from Bridge and Harris Mill in the east; Tolvaddon and Bell Lake in the west; and from the A30 to Reskajeage.
A Vision of Britain through Time provides the information that
Illogan was part of the Penwith Hundred, a sub-registration district of the Redruth Registration District between 1837 and circa 1900, part of the Redruth Rural Sanitary District until 1894, and part of the Redruth Rural District from 1894 until 1934. In 1934 the rural district was abolished to create Camborne-Redruth Urban District, of which Illogan was a part.
19th Century Description
A Vision of Britain through Time provides the following description of Illogan from John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales of 1870-72:
This description is placed here to indicate the villages which were originally within Illogan parish.
One of the many maps available on A Vision of Britain through Time is one from the Ordnance Survey Series of 1900 illustrating the parish boundaries of Cornwall at the turn of the 20th century. This map blows up to show all the parishes and many of the small villages and hamlets.
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