Place:Goiás, Brazil

Watchers


NameGoiás
Alt namesGoiassource: Times Atlas of World History (1993) p 344
Goiássource: Getty Vocabulary Program
Goyazsource: Encyclopædia Britannica (1988) V, 334
TypeState
Coordinates12°S 48°W
Located inBrazil     (1889 - )
Contained Places
Inhabited place
Abadiânia
Aloândia
Alto Paraíso
Amaro Leite
Amorinópolis
Anhanguera
Anicuns
Anápolis ( 1900 - )
Aragoiânia
Aruanã
Aurilândia
Baliza
Bandeirantes
Barro Alto
Bela Vista de Goiás
Bom Jardim de Goiás
Bom Jesus de Goiás
Bonfinópolis
Britânia
Buenolândia
Buriti Alegre
Cabeceiras
Cachoeira Alta
Cachoeira de Goiás
Caiapônia
Caiçara
Caldas Novas
Campo Alegre de Goiás
Campos Belos
Carmo do Rio Verde
Catalão
Cavalcante
Cavalheiro
Caçu
Ceres
Colinas
Corumbá de Goiás
Corumbíba
Cristalina
Cristianópolis
Crixalândia
Crixás
Cromínia
Cumari
Córrego Rico
Córrego do Ouro
Damianópolis
Davinópolis
Diorama
Domiciano Ribeiro
Edéia
Estrêla do Norte
Fazenda Nova
Firminópolis
Flores de Goiás
Formosa
Galheiros
Goiandira
Goianira
Goianápolis
Goianésia
Goiatuba
Goiás
Goiânia ( 1933 - )
Guapó
Guarani de Goiás
Hidrolina
Hidrolândia
Iaciara
Indiaporã
Inhumas
Interlândia
Ipameri
Iporá
Itaberaí
Itaguaru
Itajá
Itapaci
Itapirapuã
Itapuranga
Itarumã
Itauçu
Itumbiara
Jandaia
Jaráguá
Jataí
Jaupaci
Jeroaguara
Joviânia
Juscelândia
Juçara
Lagolândia
Leopoldo de Bulhões
Lizarda
Luziânia
Mairipotaba
Mambaí
Marzagão
Mimoso
Mineiros
Moiporá
Monte Alegre de Goiás
Montividiu
Morrinhos
Mossâmedes
Mozarlândia
Mutunópolis
Nazário
Nerópolis
Niquelândia
Nova América
Nova Aurora
Nova Roma
Novo Brasil
Nôvo Acôrdo
Orizona
Ouvidor
Padre Bernardo
Palmelo
Palminópolis
Paraúna
Petrolina de Goiás
Pilar de Goiás
Piracanjuba
Piranhas
Pirenópolis
Pires do Rio
Pontalina
Porangatu
Posse
Quirinópolis
Registro do Araguaia
Rialma
Rianápolis
Rio Verde
Riolândia
Rubiataba
Santa Cruz de Goiás
Santa Fé
Santa Helena de Goiás
Santa Rosa
Santa Teresa de Goiás
Santo Antônio do Rio Verde
Senador Canedo
Serranópolis
Silvânia
Sousânia
São Domingos
São Francisco de Goiás
São Gabriel de Goiás
São João da Aliança
São Luís de Montes Belos
São Luís do Tacantins
São Miguel do Araguaia
São Sebastião do Rio Claro
São Simão
Sítio da Abadia
Taquaral
Trindade
Três Ranchos
Tupiraçaba
Turvâni
Uruana
Uruaçu
Urutaí
Uvá
Valdelândia
Varjão
Água Limpa
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Goiás is a state of Brazil, located in the central part of the country. The name Goiás (formerly, Goyaz) comes from the name of an indigenous community. The original word seems to have been 'guaiá', a compound of gua e iá, meaning "the same person" or "people of the same origin." Neighboring states are (from north clockwise) Tocantins, Bahia, Minas Gerais, the Federal District, Mato Grosso do Sul and Mato Grosso.

The most central of the Brazilian states and the most populous of the region, Goiás is characterized by a landscape of chapadões (plateaus). In the height of the drought season, from June to September, the lack of rain makes the level of the Araguaia River go down and exposes almost of beaches, making it the main attraction of the State. At the Emas National Park in the municipality of Mineiros, it is possible to observe the typical fauna and flora from the region. At the Chapada dos Veadeiros the attractions are the canyons, valleys, rapids and waterfalls. Other attractions are the historical city of Goiás (or Old Goiás), from Goiânia, established in the beginning of 18th Century, and Caldas Novas, with its hot water wells attracting more than one million tourists per year.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The first European exploration of this interior part of Brazil was carried out by expeditions from São Paulo in the 17th century. Gold was discovered in the gravel of a tributary of the Araguaia River by the bandeirante Bartolomeu Bueno da Silva (the Anhanguera) in 1682. The settlement he founded there, called Santa Anna, became the colonial town of Goiás Velho, the former state capital. In 1744 the large inland area, much of it still unexplored by Europeans, was made a captaincy general, and in 1822 it became a province of the empire of Brazil. It became a state in 1889. The Brazilian constitution of 1891 specified that the nation's capital should be moved to the Brazilian Highlands (Planalto Central), and in 1956 Goiás was selected as the site for the federal district and capital national, Brasília. The seat of the federal government was officially moved to Brasília in 1960.

Goiânia, the largest city and capital was planned in 1933 to replace the old, inaccessible former state capital of Goiás, northwest. In 1937 the state government moved there, and in 1942 the official inauguration was held. Goiânia is now one of the fastest growing cities in Brazil and is regularly voted one of the most livable cities in the country.

Due to the immense territory of the state, which was over , communications were obviously very difficult. The northern part of the state began to feel abandoned by the southern government and began a movement for separation. Local political leaders, many of whom were large landowners and were eager to gain important positions such as governor or senator and financial gain with the construction of a new capital, also encouraged the movement. In 1989 the northern half of Goiás became a separate state called Tocantins.

Research Tips


This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Goiás. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.