Germantown is a Town in Columbia County, New York, United States. The population was 1,954 at the 2010 census. The Town of Germantown is located in the southwest part of the county, which is east of the Hudson River.
The first Europeans to buy property in the county were Dutch. Robert Livingston, a Scots immigrant, bought thousands of acres from the Indians, before gaining a huge grant from the Crown. He owned a total of 160,240 acres. He was made lord of the Livingston Manor. In 1710, he sold 6,000 acres of his property to Queen Anne of England for use as work camps and resettlement of Palatine German refugees. Some 1200 persons were settled at work camps to manufacture naval stores and pay off their passage as indentured labor. The area was later renamed as Germantown).
Following the United States' gaining independence in the American Revolutionary War, the Town was organized in 1788 from a previously organized district.