Place:Frederick, Virginia, United States

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source: Family History Library Catalog


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Frederick County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 78,305. Its county seat is Winchester. The county was formed in 1743 by the splitting of Orange County. It is Virginia's northernmost county.

Frederick County is included in the Winchester, Virginia-West Virginia Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The area that would become Frederick County, Virginia was inhabited and transited by various indigenous peoples for thousands of years before European colonization. The "Indian Road" refers to a historic pathway made by local tribes.

Frederick County was established in 1743 from parts of Orange County. (At that time, "Old Frederick County" encompassed all or part of four counties in present-day Virginia — Shenandoah, Clarke, Warren, and Frederick — and five in present-day West VirginiaHardy, Hampshire, Berkeley, Jefferson and Morgan.) The Virginia Assembly named the new county for Frederick Louis, Prince of Wales (1707–1751), the eldest son of King George II of Great Britain.

American Revolutionary War

Commander-in-Chief of the Colonial forces, General George Washington's headquarters were located in Winchester. Washington represented Frederick County in his first elective offices, having been elected to the House of Burgesses in 1758 and 1761. Daniel Morgan was another famous General during the American Revolutionary War, from (present day Clarke County).

War of 1812

American Civil War

Winchester changed hands between the Confederate and Union Armies on average once every three weeks during the war. Many battles were fought in Frederick County. Some of those battles include:

The first constitution of West Virginia provided for Frederick County to be added to the new state if approved by a local election. Unlike those of neighboring Berkeley and Jefferson counties, Frederick County residents voted to remain in Virginia despite being occupied by the Union Army at the time.

Timeline

Date Event Source
1743 County formed Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1743 Court records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1743 Land records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1743 Probate records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1771 Marriage records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1790 First census Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1853 Birth records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1980 No significant boundary changes after this year Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990

Population History

source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
Census Year Population
1790 19,681
1800 24,744
1810 22,574
1820 24,706
1830 26,046
1840 14,242
1850 15,975
1860 16,546
1870 16,596
1880 17,553
1890 17,880
1900 13,239
1910 12,787
1920 12,461
1930 13,167
1940 14,008
1950 17,537
1960 21,941
1970 28,893
1980 34,150
1990 45,723

Note: Winchester city, formed from Frederick County. Annexation after 1970 from Frederick (1970 population 4,786).

Research Tips

Links to 1885 maps of Frederick County may be found here: http://www.historicmapworks.com/Browse/United_States/Virginia/Page/1/


This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Frederick County, Virginia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.