Estill Springs is a town in Franklin County, Tennessee, United States. The population was 2,152 at the 2000 census. It is the fourth largest in the county, and is usually referred to as simply "Estill" by its inhabitants.
History and development
The European-American town dates from circa 1840, when the Frank Estill family, which owned considerable property in the area, donated a right-of-way for railroad construction. The combination of mineral waters, which were much in vogue as a health remedy at the time, and convenient rail access caused the settlement to develop as a small-scale spa town, which took its name from the springs. Oscar Meyer was appointed the first mayor of Estill.
Civil War era
During the Civil War, however, it was generally known as Allisonia, for another family which had settled in the area. It was the site of a Confederate training camp, Camp Harris, named for Isham G. Harris, the Confederate governor of Tennessee, who was a native of the county. Southern forces retreated through the town during the 1863 Tullahoma campaign, named for the nearby community which served as Confederate headquarters.
Twentieth century to present
The fad for bathing in and drinking spring waters eventually passed. Local lore has it that the long-awaited construction of U. S. Route 41A through the town in 1940 caused the springs to dry up. The spa era passed by mid-century, and the hotels were razed. The new highway connected the town to sources of employment in neighboring communities, and gave it a strategic position on the main artery between Nashville and Chattanooga. The development of local lakes by the Tennessee Valley Authority generated recreational business as well.
During the time of Prohibition, Estill Springs was home to prominent local mobster and bootlegger Parker Jones. Parker and his gang took advantage of the heavily wooded terrain to distill their bootleg booze. Parker and his men also used Estill as their primary logistics hub to traffic the booze through middle Tennessee, Alabama and Georgia. Jones remained in Estill for several years owning mayors, city councilmen, and police officers. The government dispatched dozens of revenue agents to arrest him and his men. However, when they finally arrived at his hideout they found nothing and Parker was never seen in Estill again. Many locals claim he moved to Chicago to work with friend Al Capone.
The Yellowhammer's Nest, the turn of the century home of noted Tennessee author Will Allen Dromgoole, was destroyed by fire in 1972.
Estill Springs was bypassed with the construction of I-24 in the 1960s, but did not suffer too badly as a result. Highway 41A has been upgraded, nearly to interstate standard.
In 1987, a kind of national fame reached the town when a resident noticed what she took to be an image of Jesus appearing on an upright freezer on the porch of her trailer. Other witnesses believed it more closely resembled Willie Nelson. The artifact became known as the "Freezer Jesus", and it briefly became a topic of journalism and a tourist attraction.