Place:Esquesing, Halton, Ontario, Canada

Coordinates43.6°N 79.9°W
Located inHalton, Ontario, Canada     (1819 - 1973)
See alsoHalton Hills, Halton, Ontario, Canadamunicipality which replaced Esquesing Township in 1973
the following is based on an article in Wikipedia

Esquesing Township is an inland township in Halton County in Ontario, Canada. It was opened for settlement in 1819 and the first town meeting was held in 1821 when the population was 424.

The name Esquesing was said to come from a First Nations word meaning "the land of the tall pine(s)", but is more likely to come from the Mississauga Indian word ishkwessin, meaning "that which lies at the end", which was the original name for Bronte Creek which runs down from the hills in Esquesing to its mouth at Bronte on Lake Ontario. Community centres were: Georgetown, Acton, Glen Williams, Stewarttown, Norval, Limehouse.

In 1962, the better part of Trafalgar, the township to the southeast, was merged with its principal town of Oakville and the northwestern section of Trafalgar was tranferred to Esquesing. The area included the Town of Milton which is now the administrative headquarters of Halton Hills (see below).

In 1973 when the Regional Municipality of Halton took over the administration of Halton County, the area that was Esquesing Township, together with Georgetown and Acton, the two independently incorporated towns geographically located in it, were amalgamated into a new municipality named the City of Halton Hills.

image:HaltonOldTownships.png The location of Halton's original townships

image:HaltonNewBoundariesFrame.png The municipalities as renamed and reshaped in the reorganization of 1973

The map of Halton County circa 1951 from Ontario Archives locates the communities and physical features of the county. (Click at the bottom of the page to see the map enlarged.)

Research Tips

The primary source for basic documents (vital statistics, land records, wills) for people who lived in the Province of Ontario is the Archives of Ontario, 134 Ian Macdonald Blvd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M7A 2C5.

Early Records

Civil registration did not begin in the province until 1869. Before then there may be church records of baptisms and burials. For the most part these are still held by the denomination who recorded them. Copies of marriage records made pre-1869 had to be sent by individual clergymen to the registrar of the county in which the marriage took place. These marriage records are available through Ontario Archives, on micorfilm through LDS libraries, and on paid and unpaid websites, but because they were copied at the registrars' offices, they cannot be considered a primary source.

Vital Records after 1869

Birth, marriage and death registrations are not open to the public until a specific number of years after the event occurred. Births to 1914 are now available [October 2012]; dates for marriages and deaths are later. Birth and death registration was not universally carried out in the early years after its adoption. Deaths were more apt to be reported than births for several years. The more rural the area, the less likely it would be that these happenings were reported to the authorities.
Images and indexes of civil registrations for the "viewable" years can be found on paid websites, and indexes only on FamilySearch. The latest year published is not yet available online. The FamilySearch Wiki on Ontario Vital Records explains how these records are organized and their availability.

Land Records and Wills

Information on how to access land records and wills is best sought on the Archives of Ontario website. An ancestor's land holding might be found on Canadian County Atlas Digital Project if he was in occupancy circa 1878.

Association for the Preservation of Ontario Land Registry Office Documents (APOLROD). A list of Land Registry Offices for all Counties of Ontario.


The original censuses are in the hands of Library and Archives Canada. All of the original census (1851-1911) images are online with the exception of that for 1861. Not all of them are indexed. Later censuses are not yet available. Census divisions were redrawn as the population increased and more land was inhabited.
Other websites, some paid and some free, also provide Canadian census originals and/or indexes online. One can view censuses on microfilm at the Archives of Ontario or at big libraries throughout Canada.

E-books and Books

  • The Internet Archive, particularly texts from Canadian universities, can contain interesting material
  • Our Roots is a Canadian website similar to The Internet Archive
  • Global Genealogy is an online bookshop specializing in Ontario material who will ship anywhere in the world.

Some websites with more local information on Halton County

source: Family History Library Catalog
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Halton, Ontario. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.