Place:Cividale, Udine, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy

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NameCividale
Alt namesCividale del Friulisource: Wikipedia
Cividâtsource: Wikipedia
Forum Iulii Italiaesource: Atlas of Greek & Roman World (1981) p 40
Forum Juliisource: GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) p 12603; Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979) p 336
TypeTown
Coordinates46.1°N 13.417°E
Located inUdine, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Cividale del Friuli is a town and comune in Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Northern Italy, 15 km by rail from Udine, whose province it belongs to. The town is in the foothills of the eastern Alps close to the Slovenian border, 135 m above sea-level. It is situated on the river Natisone, which forms a picturesque ravine here. Formerly an important regional power, it is today a quiet, small town that attracts tourists thanks to its medieval center.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Cividale was founded as a Roman municipium by Julius Caesar in 50 BCE, with the name of Forum Iulii ("Julius' Forum"; Fréjus had the same Roman name). Archaeological findings have revealed that the area was already settled by Veneti and Celts. After the destruction of Aquileia and Iulium Carnicum (Zuglio), it became the chief town of the district of Friuli and gave its name to it.

In 568 the city was the first major centre occupied by Alboin's Lombard invasion of Italy, then part of the Byzantine Empire. The city was chosen as first capital of the newly formed Lombard Kingdom, then granted by Alboin to his nephew Gisulf as the capital of a Lombard Duchy of Friuli. After the Lombards were defeated by the Franks, (774), following the last Lombard resistance under Hrodgaud of Friuli (776) Forum Julii changed its name to Civitas Austriae, Charlemagne's Italian "City of the East".

Under the Carolingian settlement with the Papacy, the patriarchs of Aquileia resided here from 773 to 1031, when they returned to Aquileia, and finally in 1238 removed to Udine. This last change of residence was the origin of the antagonism between Cividale and Udine, which was only terminated by their surrender to Venice in 1419 and 1420 respectively. When the Patriarchal State of Friuli was founded in 1077, Cividale was chosen as the capital.

According to James Burke, a 1331 siege of Cividale was one of the first deployments of what we would now call guns.

In 1420 Cividale was annexed to the Republic of Venice.

After the Napoleonic Wars parenthesis, Cividale became part of the Lombard-Venetian Kingdom. It was ceded to Kingdom of Italy in 1866.

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