Place:Callington, Cornwall, England

Watchers
NameCallington
Alt namesCalwetonasource: Domesday Book (1985) p 59
Calwetonesource: Domesday Book (1985) p 59
Kellingtonsource: Family History Library Catalog
Kelliwiksource: Wikipedia
TypeTown, Civil parish
Coordinates50.5°N 4.3°W
Located inCornwall, England
See alsoEast Hundred, Cornwall, Englandhundred in which it was located
Liskeard Rural, Cornwall, Englandrural district in which it was located 1894-1901
St. Germans Rural, Cornwall, Englandrural district in which it was located 1934-1974
Liskeard Registration District, Cornwall, Englandregistration district of which it was part 1837-2007
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog
the following text is based on an article in Wikipedia

Callington (Cornish: Kelliwik) is a civil parish and town in southeast Cornwall, England about 7 miles (11 km) north of Saltash and 9 miles (14 km) south of Launceston.

In 1901 Callington was made an urban district, having been in Liskeard Rural District since 1894, but in 1934 it was reduced to being a civil parish within St. Germans Rural District. Also in 1934 it absorbed a portion of the neighbouring parish of South Hill.

Callington parish had a population of 4,783 in 2001, according to the 2001 census. The hamlets of Bowling Green, Frogwell, Kelly Bray and Newbridge are in the parish.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Callington has been postulated as one of the possible locations of the ancient site of Celliwig, associated with King Arthur. Nearby ancient monuments include Castlewitch Henge with a diameter of 96m and Cadsonbury Iron Age hillfort, as well as Dupath Well built in 1510 on the site of an ancient sacred spring.

Callington was recorded in the Domesday Book (1086); the manor had 4 hides of land and land for 30 ploughs. The lord had land for 3 ploughs with 11 serfs. 24 villeins and 14 smallholders had land for 15 ploughs. There were also one and a half square leagues of pasture and a small amount of woodland. The income of the manor was £6 sterling.

In the 19th century, Callington was one of the most important mining areas in Great Britain. Deposits of silver were found nearby in Silver Valley. Today, the area is marked by mining remains, but there are no active mines. However, granite is still quarried on Hingston Down.

The former Callington constituency, a rotten borough, elected two members to the unreformed House of Commons but was abolished by the Reform Act 1832. The town is now in the South East Cornwall constituency.

St Mary's Church was originally a chapel of ease to South Hill; it was consecrated in 1438 and then had two aisles and a buttressed tower; a second north aisle was added in 1882. Unusually for Cornwall there is a clerestory; the wagon roofs are old. The parish church contains the fine brass of Nicholas Assheton and his wife, 1466.


Research Tips

One of the many maps available on A Vision of Britain through Time is one from the Ordnance Survey Series of 1900 illustrating the parish boundaries of Cornwall at the turn of the 20th century. This map blows up to show all the parishes and many of the small villages and hamlets.

The following websites have pages explaining their provisions in WeRelate's Repository Section. Some provide free online databases.

  • GENUKI makes a great many suggestions as to other websites with worthwhile information about Cornwall as well as providing 19th century descriptions of each of the ecclesiastical parishes.
  • FamilySearch Wiki provides a similar information service to GENUKI which may be more up-to-date.
  • A Vision of Britain through Time has
  1. organization charts of the hierarchies of parishes within hundreds, registration districts and rural and urban districts of the 20th century
  2. excerpts from a gazetteer of circa 1870 outlining individual towns and parishes
  3. reviews of population through the time period 1800-1960
  • More local sources can often be found by referring to "What Links Here" in the column on the left.


This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Callington, Cornwall. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.