Brampton has been variously known as: Brantune (11th century), Brantone, Bramptone (12th-13th century), Brauntone, Brampton (13th century)
Brampton has a long history and is mentioned in the Domesday Book: there was a church and priest at Brampton in 1086. The Church of St Mary Magdalene or St Mary the Virgin (as it was once called), consists of a chancel with a north vestry, nave, north aisle, south aisle, west tower and north and south porches. This church is mentioned in the Domesday survey of 1086, but, with the exception of a few parts dating from the 12th century, no part of the current structure is earlier than the 14th century.
At one time the higher part of Brampton parish was forest but there are now less than of woodland. Brampton is generally low-lying, mostly being about above sea-level, although the ground rises towards the south west boundary where it reaches .
Brampton is associated with Samuel Pepys and legend has it that his fortune is buried somewhere in the village Brampton was the home of his uncle, Robert Pepys, elder brother of the diarist's father; his house still stands in the village. Samuel Pepys was known to have stayed there and at the Black Bull Inn in the village.
Brampton offers two more drinking establishments, The Dragoon, and the Montaz Tandoori restaurant (formerly The Harrier pub, named in honour of the RAF base located in the village). Other less accessible places to drink include The Institute, a private members club, and the Bowls Club.
The Grange Hotel, Brampton used to be a hotel and restaurant but is now shut down, awaiting to be turned into flats. It is a large 18th-century brick building, once a private residence, but during the Second World War was requisitioned as the headquarters of the American Eighth Air Force The village is still home to the Royal Air Force at RAF Brampton.
Brampton has one recently-merged school (September 2007) named simply Brampton Village Primary School. Previously there were two schools, situated on the same site: an infants school and a junior school.
Brampton Park Golf Club is an 18-hole course featuring a signature hole completely surrounded by water.
Brampton Garden Centre, run by East Anglian company Frosts is a well-respected and popular garden centre. The Garden Centre also has a restaurant which recently won an award for the best Garden Centre Restaurant in the North-Thames area despite it being nowhere near the Thames.
Brampton is on a regular bus route to St Neots, Hinchingbrooke, Huntingdon and Tesco - routes 65/66 are operated by Stagecoach in Huntingdonshire.
One of the most recent additions to the village is the Skate Park, the first phase of which was completed in 2005 on the Memorial Playing Fields, alongside the newly-completed Memorial Hall. There are plans to build a second phase to the skate park on the same site once funds have been generated.
Scattered human remains dating back c 1600–2000 years old have been found in one or more gardens of houses near the local primary school. The exact origin has yet to be determined.