Place:Bougival, Yvelines, France

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NameBougival
Alt namesBougivaissource: NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (2000-2003) accessed 16 April 2003
TypeCommune
Coordinates48.866°N 2.135°E
Located inYvelines, France
Also located inSeine-et-Oise, Île-de-France, France    
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Bougival is a commune (or village) in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France. Bougival is from the center of Paris in its western suburbs.

As the site where many of the French Masters (including Claude Monet, Alfred Sisley, Berthe Morisot, and Auguste Renoir) painted country scenes along the Seine, the village today hosts a series of six historical placards, known as the "Impressionists Walk," at locations from which the noted painters depicted the scenes of Bougival.

Bougival is also noted as the site of the Machine de Marly, a sprawling, complicated[1] hydraulic pumping device that began supplying the massive quantity of water required by the fountains at Palace of Versailles in the late 1600s. Considered one of the foremost engineering accomplishments of its era, the cacophanous, breakdown-prone[1] apparatus comprised fourteen waterwheels (approximately 38 feet in diameter) driven by the current of the Seine — in turn powering more than 250 pumps, delivering water up a 500 foot vertical rise through a series of pumping stations, holding tanks, reservoirs, pipes and mechanical linkages. In use until 1817, the machine was subsequently updated, replaced with another pumping building in 1858 and finally replaced by an electrical generator in 1963. The building itself remained until 1968. Remnants are visible today at the riverbank.

In Bougival, Georges Bizet composed the opera Carmen at his home at Rue Ivan Tourguenievf on the Seine[2] and noted Russian novelist and playwright Ivan Turgenev built a datcha. A local monument commemorates the Montgolfier brothers, pioneers of flight.[2] and the commune hosts the annual Festival of Bougival et des Coteaux de Seine.

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