American Samoa consists of five main islands and two coral atolls. The largest and most populous island is Tutuila, with the Islands, Rose Atoll, and Swains Island also included in the territory. American Samoa is part of the Samoan Islands chain, located west of the Cook Islands, north of Tonga, and some 300 miles (500 km) south of Tokelau. To the west are the islands of the Wallis and Futuna group.
The 2010 census showed a total population of 55,519 people. The total land area is , slightly more than Washington, D.C. American Samoa is the southernmost territory of the U.S. and one of two U.S. territories (with Jarvis Island) south of the Equator. Tuna and tuna products are the main exports, and the main trading partner is the United States.
During the 1918 flu pandemic, the 12th governor of American Samoa John Martin Poyer quarantined the territory to stop the spread of the pandemic entering American Samoa. Because of his actions, no deaths occurred making American Samoa one of the few places in the world with this distinction.
American Samoa is noted for having the highest rate of military enlistment of any US state or territory.
How places in American Samoa are organized
All places in American Samoa
Further information on historical place organization in American Samoa