Allatoona was a town located in extreme southeastern Bartow County, Georgia. Built along Allatoona Creek, it was a gold mining area later in the first U.S. gold rush, which occurred in Georgia and North Carolina. Reaching its height in the 1840s, the Georgia Gold Rush continued into the 1850s even while the second gold rush was occurring in California. (Gold was also mined in nearby Woodstock.)
The Battle of Allatoona Pass took place here just after the fall of Atlanta in 1864.
The town was destroyed in the late 1940s when the new Lake Allatoona flooded it, making the creek into its major southern arm. Red Top Mountain State Park is immediately north of the old town, the city of Acworth in Cobb County is immediately to its south, further upstream on the former creek. The site is just south and east of Allatoona Pass.