m. 2 DEC 1875
Facts and Events
141st U.S. Infantry Regiment ("First Texas") 1917 "The Alamo Regiment"
ORIGINS: The distinguished lineage of the 141st includes units tracing origins to the Texas Revolution, such as Company A, First Texas, 1836, and other infantry companies of the First Texas formed in the 1870s and 1880s. The Second Texas lineage included the Austin Greys, 1876; The Bryan Rifles, 1877; The Brenham Greys, 1877; The Calvert City Guards, 1897; The Jones Rifles, 1879, the Manning Rifles, 1879 and Company G, the Navasota Rifles, 1880. Companies from the First and Second Texas were part of the First Texas Volunteers in the Spanish American War, serving as part of the Army of Occupation of Cuba from December 26, 1898 to March 25, 1899, returning then to state service.
BEFORE WORLD WAR I: The First and Second Texas Infantry Regiments were reorganized in 1903, with the Second Texas remaining in state service throughout the entire period before the World War I mobilization. In May, 1916, the Second Texas was mobilized for Mexican border duty and went to the Rio Grande Valley of the border where it trained until March 23, 1917, when the units demobilized at home stations. A week later, the regiment was called back into service, and was again sent to the border.
FORMATION: The 141st U. S: Infantry was officially formed at Camp Bowie, Fort Worth, Texas, on October 15, 1917, from Texas troops drawn largely from the 1st and 2d Texas National Guard Infantry Regiments. The unit retained the "First Texas" designation as a reflection of its lineage. It is authorized to carry three historical streamers on the regimental colors including "Republic of Texas" in blue, "The Alamo" in white, and "San Jacinto" in red, reflecting the origins of the unit. It is authorized the campaign streamer "Meuse-Argonne" for service in World War I.
OVER THERE: The regiment sailed from New York on July 26, 1918, after intensive training at Camp Bowie. Arriving in France on August 6, it was assigned to the 13th Training area near Bar sur Aube. After moving into support positions in September, it was assigned to prepare to relieve the 2d U. S. Division in the Epernay-Chalons region. With the 142d Regiment, they took over the positions of the 9th and 23d U. S. Infantry regiments.
IN THE LINES: On October 8, 1918, the regiment began participation in one of the great chapters in its combat history, the Meuse-Argonne campaign. On that day, along a line extending four kilometers east to west, the 141st and 142d regiments attacked German positions, resulting in a "substantial gain of ground" but suffering casualties to sixty-six officers and 1,227 enlisted men. After being relieved by the 72d Brigade (143rd and 144 Inf), the unit side-stepped to take a place at the east end of the line of the 72d Brigade several days later. On October 27, the unit took part in the assault on "Foret (Forest?) Farm", and then was relieved on October 28th, taking no further combat action in the war. The unit returned to the United States after six additional months in France and was mustered out July 3, 1919.