Maj. Gen. Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.
Facts and Events
- the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia
Theodore "Teddy" Roosevelt, Jr. (September 13, 1887 – July 12, 1944), was an American political and business leader, a veteran of both the 20th century's world wars, who was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor. He was the eldest son of President Theodore Roosevelt from his second wife Edith Roosevelt.
Roosevelt was instrumental in the forming of the American Legion in 1919. He later served as Assistant Secretary of the Navy, Governor of Puerto Rico (1929–32), Governor-General of the Philippines (1932–33), Chairman of the Board of American Express Company, and Vice-President at Doubleday Books, and as a Brigadier General in the United States Army.
Although he was known entirely throughout his life as Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., he is technically a Theodore Roosevelt III as his father the president was originally known as Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 Theodore Roosevelt, Jr, in FindAGrave: Normandy American Cemetery and Memorial, Find A Grave Memorial #2144, 1 Jan 2001, Secondary quality.
Birth: Sep. 13, 1887
Death: Jul. 12, 1944
Biography: United States Army General, World War II Congressional Medal of Honor Recipient. First born son of 26th United States President Theodore Roosevelt. A Brigadier General in the United States Army Reserves and a veteran of the First World War, he was activated for the Second World War, and died of a heart attack in Normandy following the invasion of France. After the war, he and his brother Quentin, a First World War casualty, were buried side by side at the US Military Cemetery, Colville-sur-Mer, Omaha Beach, Normandy, France. The monument stone from Quentin's original grave was moved to a place of honor on the lawn of the Roosevelt home, Sagamore Hill, Oyster Bay, Long Island, New York. Theodore Roosevelt Jr. won every award and decoration available to a United States soldier, including the Congressional Medal of Honor. His official CMOH citation reads: For gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty on 6 June 1944, in France. After 2 verbal requests to accompany the leading assault elements in the Normandy invasion had been denied, Brig. Gen. Roosevelt's written request for this mission was approved and he landed with the first wave of the forces assaulting the enemy-held beaches. He repeatedly led groups from the beach, over the seawall and established them inland. His valor, courage, and presence in the very front of the attack and his complete unconcern at being under heavy fire inspired the troops to heights of enthusiasm and self-sacrifice. Although the enemy had the beach under constant direct fire, Brig. Gen. Roosevelt moved from one locality to another, rallying men around him, directed and personally led them against the enemy. Under his seasoned, precise, calm, and unfaltering leadership, assault troops reduced beach strong points and rapidly moved inland with minimum casualties. He thus contributed substantially to the successful establishment of the beachhead in France. Rank and organization: brigadier general, U.S. Army. Place and date: Normandy invasion, 6 June 1944. Entered service at: Oyster Bay, N.Y. Birth: Oyster Bay, N.Y. G.O. No.: 77, 28 September 1944. (bio by: Warrick L. Barrett)
- Theodore Roosevelt (1858 - 1919)
- Edith Kermit Carow Roosevelt (1861 - 1948)
- Eleanor Alexander Roosevelt (1888 - 1960)
- Theodore Roosevelt (1914 - 2001)
- Cornelius Van Schaak Roosevelt (1915 - 1991)
- Quentin Roosevelt (1919 - 1948)
Cause of death: Heart attack
Burial: Normandy American Cemetery and Memorial, Colleville-sur-Mer, Departement du Calvados, Basse-Normandie, France
Plot: Plot D, Row 28, Grave 45
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 Theodore Roosevelt Jr., in Wikipedia, Retrieved 24 Nov 2013, Questionable quality.
Throughout World War II, Roosevelt suffered from health problems. He had arthritis, mostly from old World War I injuries, and walked with a cane. He also had heart trouble.
On July 12, 1944, a little over one month after the landing at Utah Beach, he died suddenly of a heart attack near Sainte-Mère-Église in Normandy, France. He was living at the time in a converted sleeping truck, captured a few days before from the Germans. He had spent part of the day in a long conversation with his son, Captain Quentin Roosevelt II, who had participated with him in the Normandy landing. He was stricken at about 10 pm and died, attended by medical help, at about midnight. He was fifty-six years old. On the day of his death he had been selected by General Omar Bradley for promotion to major general and orders had been cut placing him in command of the 90th Infantry Division. These recommendations were sent to General Dwight D. Eisenhower for approval, but when Eisenhower called the next morning to approve them, he was told that Roosevelt had died during the night.
Roosevelt was buried at the American cemetery in Normandy, initially created for the Americans killed in Normandy during the invasion. His younger brother, Lieutenant Quentin Roosevelt had been killed as a pilot in France during World War I and was initially buried at the Oise-Aisne American Cemetery and Memorial for veterans of WWI at Fère-en-Tardenois, France, near where he had been shot down in that war. In 1955, his family had his body exhumed and moved to the Normandy cemetery, where he was re-interred next to his brother.