Person:Samuel Brown (99)

Samuel Brown, M.D.
m. 1753
  1. Elizabeth Brown1755 - 1828
  2. Senator John Brown, Esq.1757 - 1837
  3. William Brown1759 - Abt 1759
  4. William Brown1760 -
  5. Mary Brown1763 -
  6. Sen. James Brown1766 - 1835
  7. Samuel Brown, M.D.1769 - 1830
  8. David Brown1771 -
  9. Eben Brown1773 -
  10. Preston W. Brown1775 - 1826
m. 27 SEP 1808
  1. Susan Catherine BrownABT 1810 -
Facts and Events
Name Samuel Brown, M.D.
Gender Male
Birth[2][3] 30 Jan 1769 Augusta County, Virginia(now Rockbridge County)
Residence[2] abt 1801 Lexington, Fayette, Kentucky, United States
Marriage 27 SEP 1808 to Catherine Percy
Death[2][3] 12 Jan 1830 Madison County, Alabama
  1.   Family Recorded, in Waddell, Joseph A. (Joseph Addison). Annals of Augusta County, Virginia: with reminiscences illustrative of the vicissitudes of its pioneer settlers biographical sketches of citizens locally prominent, and of those who have founded families in the southern and western states : a diary of the war, 1861-'5, and a chapter on reconstruction by Joseph Addison Waddell. (Staunton, Virginia: C.R. Caldwell, 1902), Secondary quality.

    3. Dr. Samuel Brown, the third son, studied in Edinburgh, and for many years was a professor in Transylvania University.

  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Historical Marker, in Kentucky Historical Society. Historical Marker Database [1], Secondary quality.

    own, M.D. (1769-1830)
    Marker Number 1595
    County Fayette
    Location 190 Market St. at Ridgely Bldg., Lexington
    Description This building was office of Dr. Samuel Brown, first professor of chemistry, anatomy and surgery at Transylvania Medical School. He was a pioneer in cowpox vaccination against smallpox and introduced it in Lexington, 1801. His scientific knowledge led him to apply steam distillation to the manufacture of whiskey. Presented by Samuel Brown Journal Club.

    (Reverse) Dr. Samuel Brown - Dr. Brown's analyses led to the use of Kentucky cave nitre in manufacture of gunpowder. This added to Kentucky's role in winning War of 1812. Jefferson appointed him to advise Lewis and Clark Expedition on Indian lore. He was first man in the United States to envision a national medical organization. Presented by Samuel Brown Journal Club.

  3. 3.0 3.1 Biography, in Kleber, John E. The Kentucky encyclopedia. (Lexington, Kentucky: University Press of Kentucky, c1992), Secondary quality.

    Samuel Brown, physician, was born on January 30, 1769, in Augusta (now Rockbridge) County, Virginia, the eighth of eleven children of the Rev. John and Margaret (Preston) Brown. He earned a B.A. degree in 1789 at Dickinson College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. He studied medicine under his brother-in-law, Dr. Alexander Humphreys; as a private pupil of Dr. Benjamin Rush at the medical school in Philadelphia for approximately two years; at Scotland's Edinburgh University for two years; and at the University of Aberdeen, graduating with an M.D. degree in 1794. He first practiced medicine at Bladensburg, Maryland, then moved to Lexington, Kentucky, in 1797 to join his family. In 1799 Brown was named professor of surgery, anatomy, and chemistry and pharmacy at the newly established medical school at Lexington's Transylvania University. In 1806 he moved to New Orleans.

    On September 27, 1808, Brown married Catherine Percy and settled on a plantation near Natchez, Mississippi. They had three children: Susan Catherine, James, and Catherine. After his wife's death in 1813, he moved to a plantation near Huntsville, Alabama. In 1819 Brown became professor of theory and practice of medicine at Transylvania. Brown, one of the foremost medical professionals of his time, had a wide range of interests and associates. He corresponded with Thomas Jefferson and partly through the influence of Jefferson, was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society. He is credited with being the first Kentucky physician to write a medical paper published in the New York Medical Repository, the only medical journal published in the United States at that time.

    Brown was an early supporter and user of the cowpox virus for smallpox inoculation, and he vaccinated people in Lexington as early as 1802. He is credited with inventing an improved method of distilling spirits that used steam; with first suggesting the method for clarifying ginseng for the Chinese market; with playing a major role in establishing lithography in America (ca. 1819); and with helping to introduce lithotrity into the United States from France (1824). In an attempt to establish harmony and a code of ethics among doctors, Brown founded the Kappa Lambda Society of Hippocrates in Lexington around 1819. After leaving Transylvania in 1825, Brown retired to his Alabama plantation. He died in Alabama on January 12, 1830.