Person:Richard Plantagenet (77)

     
Richard Plantagenent, 3rd Duke of York
Facts and Events
Name[8] Richard Plantagenent, 3rd Duke of York
Gender Male
Birth[1] 21 Sep 1411 Conisbrough Castle, Conisbrough, Yorkshire, EnglandHouse of York
Marriage Bef 18 Oct 1424 to Cecily Neville, Duchess of York
Death[1][2][3] 30 Dec 1460 Wakefield, Yorkshire, England Combatant of Wakefield
Burial? Fotheringhay, Northamptonshire, England


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York (21 September 1411 – 30 December 1460), was a leading English magnate, a great-grandson of King Edward III through his father and a great-great-great-grandson of that king through his mother. He inherited great estates, and served in various offices of state in France at the end of the Hundred Years' War, and in England, ultimately governing the country as Lord Protector during Henry VI's madness. His conflicts with Henry's wife, Margaret of Anjou, and other members of Henry's court, as well as his extremely strong competing claim on the throne, were a leading factor in the political upheaval of mid-fifteenth-century England, and a major cause of the Wars of the Roses. Richard eventually attempted to take the throne but was dissuaded, although it was agreed that he would become King on Henry's death. Within a few weeks of securing this agreement, he died in battle.

Although Richard never became king himself, he was the father of Edward IV and Richard III.

Kinship

  • Only son and heir of his father, being by 1st wife.
  • Nephew and heir of Edward of York, Duke of York.

Office

Protector of the Realm, 1460.

Honors

  • Knighted, 1426.
  • Knight of the Order of the Garter.

Property

  • Lord of Mortimer, Herefordshire
  • Lord of Clare, Suffolk
  • Granted the Principality of Wales, Counties of Chester and Flint, and the Duchy of Cornwall, during the King's life, 1460.

Titles

  • Earl of March; Earl of Ulster.
  • Succeeded uncle Edward of York, Duke of York, in 1415, as Duke of York, title created 1385: 'The Complete Peerage', vol. 14 p. 136 [CAMBRIDGE: p. 495 lines 8-13].
  • Inheritance Questionable> Listed as "he was probably then {19 May 1426}, or previously, restored in blood, whereby he would have suc. his father as Earl of Cambridge, or he may have assumed that Earldom as having been one of the honours sometime held by his said uncle {Edward of York, Duke of York}" in 'The Complete Peerage', vol. 2 p. 495; amended to "There is no evidence that he ever assumed the title Earl of Cambridge" in 'The Complete Peerage', vol. 14 p. 139 [CAMBRIDGE: p. 495 lines 8-13].


Peerage of England
Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York

1385-1402
his grandfather

Edward of Norwich, 2nd Duke of York

1402-1415
his uncle
forfeit 1415

3rd Duke of York

restored
1425-1460

Edward Plantagenet
(King Edward IV)

1460-1461
his son

Merged in Crown

1461
'

Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March
1381-1398
his grandfather
Edmund Mortimer, 5th Earl of March
1398-1425
his uncle
6th Earl of March
1425-1460
Edward of Norwich
1402-1414
his uncle
Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge
1414-1415
his father
forfeit 1415
4th Earl of Cambridge
restored
1426-1460
Peerage of Ireland
Roger Mortimer

1382-1398
his grandfather

Edmund Mortimer

1398-1425
his uncle

Earl of Ulster

1425-1460

Edward Plantagenet
(King Edward IV)

1460-1461
his son

Merged in Crown

1461
'



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References
  1. 1.0 1.1 Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
  2. Cokayne, George Edward, and Vicary Gibbs; et al. The complete peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant [2nd ed.]. (London: St. Catherine Press, 1910-59), vol. 2 p. 495.

    See also vol. 1 p. 183 fn. c; vol. 2 p. 495

  3. Richardson, Douglas. Plantagenet ancestry : a study in colonial and medieval families. (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co Inc, c2004), p. xxix.

    See also p. 16 BEAUFORT:10.x, p. 160 GREY:5

  4.   Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
  5.   Richard Plantagenet, in Find A Grave.
  6.   RICHARD of York, son of RICHARD "of Conisburgh" Earl of Cambridge & his first wife Anne Mortimer (21 Sep 1411-killed in battle Wakefield 30 Dec 1460, bur Pontefract, transferred 30 Jul 1476 to Collegiate Church of Fotheringhay, Northamptonshire)., in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.
  7.   Cokayne, George Edward, and Vicary Gibbs; et al. The complete peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant [2nd ed.]. (London: St. Catherine Press, 1910-59), Volume 3 page 174, Volume 3 page 246, Volume 3 pages 439 and 440.
  8. Assumed the surname of PLANTAGENET, apparently about 1448 - he was evidently the 1st descendant of Geoffrey of Anjou to use that name, which was a personal emblem of the aforesaid Geoffrey: see 'The Complete Peerage', vol. 1 p. 183 fn. c; vol. 2 p. 495.