Person:Richard I of England (1)

Richard I "The Lionheart" , of England
Facts and Events
Name Richard I "The Lionheart" , of England
Gender Male
Birth[1] 8 Sep 1157 Oxford, Oxfordshire, EnglandBeaumont Palace, House of Plantagenet
Occupation? 1168 Duke of Aquitaine
Occupation? 1172 Count of Poitiers
Occupation? 1189 Duke of Normandie
Occupation? 1189 Count of Anjou
Occupation? 1189 Count of Maine
Occupation[1] 6 Jul 1189 King of England
Marriage 12 May 1191 , Limassol, Limassol, Cypusto Berengaria of Navarre
Marriage  Cohabitation without marriage formalities?  
to Alys , Countess of the Vexin
Marriage  Cohabitation without marriage formalities?  
to
Other  No accepted wife?
with
Death[1] 6 Apr 1199 Châlus, Haute-Vienne, FranceChâteau de Chalus-Chabrol
Physical Description? 6 feet 4 inches tall with red hair and grey eyes
Burial[2] Fontevraud Abbey, Fontevraud-l'Abbaye, Maine-et-Loire, France


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Richard I (8 September 1157 – 6 April 1199) was King of England from 6 July 1189 until his death. He also ruled as Duke of Normandy (as Richard IV), Duke of Aquitaine, Duke of Gascony, Lord of Cyprus, Count of Anjou, Count of Maine, Count of Nantes, and Overlord of Brittany at various times during the same period. He was the third of five sons of King Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine. He was known as , or mainly Richard the Lionheart, even before his accession, because of his reputation as a great military leader and warrior. The Muslims called him Melek-Ric (King Richard) or Malek al-Inkitar – King of England.

By the age of 16, Richard the Lionheart had taken command of his own army, putting down rebellions in Poitou against his father, King Henry II.[1] Richard was a central Christian commander during the Third Crusade, leading the campaign after the departure of Philip II of France and scoring considerable victories against his Muslim counterpart, Saladin, although he did not reconquer Jerusalem from Saladin.

Richard spoke langue d'oïl, a French dialect, and Occitan, a Romance language spoken in southern France and nearby regions. He lived in his Duchy of Aquitaine in the southwest of France and spent very little time in England, preferring to use his kingdom as a source of revenue to support his armies. He was seen as a pious hero by his subjects. He remains one of the few kings of England remembered by his epithet, rather than regnal number, and is an enduring iconic figure in England and France.

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References
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Richard I of England, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
  2. RICHARD, in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.
  3.   Richard acknowledged only one illegitimate child, Philip of Cognac