Facts and Events
||Louis IX , of France
||25 Apr 1214/15
||Poissy, Yvelines, Île-de-France, France
||From 1226 to 1270
||27 May 1234
||, Sens, Yvonne, Franceto Marguerite Berenger, of Provence
||25 AUG 1270
||Tunis, Tūnis, TunisiaDied of plague
||22 May 1271
||Saint Denis-de-l'Hôtel, Loiret, Centre, France(finger only)
||House of Capet
||15 Aug 1297
||Vatican CityCanonization by Pope Bonafice VIII
||Tunis, Tūnis, Tunisiaremains
- the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia
Louis IX (25 April 1214 – 25 August 1270), commonly Saint Louis, was King of France from 1226 until his death. He was also styled Louis II, Count of Artois from 1226 to 1237. Born at Poissy, near Paris, he was an eighth-generation descendant of Hugh Capet, and thus a member of the House of Capet, and the son of Louis VIII and Blanche of Castile. He worked with the Parliament of Paris in order to improve the professionalism of his legal administration.
He is the only canonised king of France; consequently, there are many places named after him, most notably St. Louis, Missouri and Mission San Luis Rey de Francia in the United States, São Luís do Maranhão, Brazil and both the state and city of San Luis Potosí in Mexico. Saint Louis was also a tertiary of the Trinitarians. On 11 June 1256, the General Chapter of the Trinitarian Order formally affiliated Louis IX at the monastery of Cerfroid, which had been constructed by Felix of Valois north of Paris.
- Louis IX of France, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
- Penman, Sharon Kay. Falls the Shadow.
In October 1263 Henry III, Prince Edward "Longshanks" & Simon de Montfort asked Louis to mediate their dispute; Louis agreed in December 1263 & asked all parties to meet at Ameins on January 8, 1264. On the way, in December 1263, Simon fell from his horse & broke his leg, therefor Peter de Monfort & Simon's son Henry de Montfort went to Amiens in Simon's stead. Louis found in favor of Henry on all accounts & annulled the Oxford Provisions completely & totally while upholding the Runnymeade Charter (Magna Charta). It is thought Louis reacted as a King rather than as a judge, & since the barons stipulated that all foreigners were to cease as Henry's councillors, & said foreigners were mostly French, ergo he felt threatened. Louis was not to give judgement on the validity of the Oxford Provisions, if that had been known up front, de Montfort would never have agreed to arbitration. Simon took it as a betrayal by Louis, supposedly a man of "honor".
- Louis IX "King of France" De Valois, in Find A Grave.
- Louis IX, Roi de France, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
- LOUIS IX King of France, in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.