b.23 Aug 1750
d.2 Feb 1836
Facts and Events
||23 Aug 1750
||2 Feb 1836
- the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia
'Nobile Maria Letizia Buonaparte née Ramolino ('Marie-Lætitia Ramolino, Madame Mère de l'Empereur) (24 August 1750 – 2 February 1836) was the mother of Napoleon I of France.
She was born in Ajaccio, Corsica, to Nobile Giovanni Geronimo Ramolino (13 April 1723–1755), Captain of Corse Regiments of Chivalry and Infantry in the Army of the Republic of Genoa, and wife Nobile Angela Maria Pietrasanta (circa 1725–1790). The distant cousins of the Ramolinos were a low rank of nobility in the Republic of Genoa. Letizia was not formally educated.
On 2/7 June 1764, when she was 13, she married at Ajaccio to attorney Carlo Buonaparte. She bore 13 children, eight of whom survived infancy, and most of whom were created monarchs by Napoleon:
- Napoleone Buonaparte (1764/1765 – 17 August 1765)
- Maria Anna Buonaparte (3 January 1767 – 1 January 1768)
- Joseph Bonaparte (7 January 1768 – 28 July 1844) King of Naples and Sicily, King of Spain and the Indies, and Comte de Survilliers.
- Napoleon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821), Emperor of the French and namesake of his deceased older brother
- Maria Anna Buonaparte (1770), namesake of her deceased older sister
- Maria Anna Buonaparte (14 July – 23 November 1771), namesake of her deceased older sisters
- A stillborn son
- Lucien Bonaparte (21 March 1775 – 29 June 1840), Prince of Canino and Musignano
- Elisa Bonaparte (3 January 1777 – 7 August 1820), Grand Duchess of Tuscany
- Louis Bonaparte (2 September 1778 – 25 July 1846), King of Holland
- Pauline Bonaparte (20 October 1780 – 9 June 1825), Sovereign Princess and Duchess of Guastalla
- Caroline Bonaparte (25 March 1782 – 18 May 1839), Grand Duchess of Berg and Cleves, wife of Joachim Murat, later queen consort of Naples
- Jérôme Bonaparte (15 November 1784 - 24 June 1860), King of Westphalia.
She was a harsh mother, and had a very down-to-earth view of most things. When most European mothers, even those in the upper class, bathed perhaps once a month, she had her children bathed every other day.
Also after 1768, when France bought Corsica from Genoa, Letizia never learned French. When she was 35, her husband died of cancer. She was decreed "Madam, the Mother of His Majesty the Emperor" (Madame Mère de l'Empereur), Imperial Highness, on 18 May 1804 or 23 March 1805. After 1815 she moved to Rome, in Palazzo D'Aste-Bonaparte in piazza Venezia, where she died of old age in 1836, aged 85, three weeks before the 50th anniversary of her husband's death. By then she was nearly blind and had outlived her most famous son Napoleon by 15 years.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 Letizia Ramolino, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).