Person:John Winthrop (22)

Watchers
m. 7 Nov 1700
  1. Ann Winthrop1703 - Bef 1704
  2. Ann Winthrop1704 - Bef 1707
  3. Adam Winthrop1706 -
  4. Ann Winthrop1707 - Bef 1709
  5. Ann Winthrop1709 -
  6. John Winthrop1711 - Bef 1713
  7. John Winthrop1712/13 - Bef 1714
  8. John Winthrop1714 - 1779
  9. Samuel Winthrop1716 -
  10. William Winthrop1717 - Bef 1723
  11. Mary Winthrop1718 - Bef 1719
  12. Mary Winthrop1719 - Bef 1725
  13. Lucy Winthrop1721 -
  14. William Winthrop1723 - 1724
  15. Mary Winthrop1724/25 -
m. Aft 4 Jul 1746
m. Aft 25 Mar 1756
Facts and Events
Name[4] John Winthrop
Gender Male
Birth[2] 8 Dec 1714 Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts, United States
Christening[3] 12 Dec 1714 Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts, United States
Marriage Aft 4 Jul 1746 to Rebecca Townshend
Marriage Aft 25 Mar 1756 to Hannah Fayreweather
Death[5] 3 May 1779 Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts, United States


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

John Winthrop (December 19, 1714 – May 3, 1779) was the 2nd Hollis Professor of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy in Harvard College. He was a distinguished mathematician, physicist and astronomer, born in Boston, Mass. His great-great-grandfather, also named John Winthrop, was founder of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. He graduated in 1732 from Harvard, where, from 1738 until his death he served as professor of mathematics and natural philosophy. Professor Winthrop was one of the foremost men of science in America during the 18th century, and his impact on its early advance in New England was particularly significant. Both Benjamin Franklin and Benjamin Thompson (Count Rumford) probably owed much of their early interest in scientific research to his influence. He also had a decisive influence in the early philosophical education of John Adams, during the latter's time at Harvard. He corresponded regularly with the Royal Society in London—as such, one of the first American intellectuals of his time to be taken seriously in Europe. He was noted for attempting to explain the great Lisbon earthquake of 1755 as a scientific—rather than religious—phenomenon, and his application of mathematical computations to earthquake activity following the great quake has formed the basis of the claim made on his behalf as the founder of the science of seismology. Additionally, he observed the transits of Mercury in 1740 and 1761 and journeyed to Newfoundland to observe a transit of Venus. He traveled in a ship provided by the Province of Massachusetts - probably the first scientific expedition ever sent out by any incipient American state.

He served as acting president of Harvard in 1769 and again in 1773; but both times declined the offer of the full presidency on the grounds of old age. During the nine months in 1775-1776 when Harvard moved to Concord, Massachusetts, Winthrop occupied the house which was later to become famous as The Wayside, home to Louisa May Alcott and Nathaniel Hawthorne. Additionally, he was actively interested in public affairs, was for several years a judge of probate in Middlesex County, was a member of the Governor's Council in 1773-74, and subsequently offered the weight of his influence to the patriotic cause in the Revolution. He published:

  • Lecture on Earthquakes (1755)
  • Answer to Mr. Prince's Letter on Earthquakes (1756)
  • Account of Some Fiery Meteors (1755)
  • Two Lectures on the Parallax (1769)

In addition to his scientific and mathematical accomplishments, he also fathered a son, James Winthrop, who continued his father's political work.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at John Winthrop (educator). The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
References
  1.   John Winthrop (educator), in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
  2. Record Commissioners of Boston. Boston Births from A.D. 1700 to A.D. 1800. (Boston: Rockwell and Churchill, 1894), 101.

    John Son of Collo. Adam Winthrop and Anne his Wife, [born] 8 December 1714.

  3. "Records of the Second Church in Boston", in Dunkle, Robert J., and Ann S. Lainhart. Records of the Churches of Boston and the First Church, Second Parish, and Third Parish of Roxbury: including baptisms, marriages, deaths, admissions, and dismissals: (1600s-1800s). (Boston, MA: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2001), 219.

    Winthrop, John, of Adam, bp. Dec. 12, 1714.

  4. Muskett, Joseph James, and Robert C., Jr. Winthrop. Evidences of the Winthrops of Groton co. Suffolk, England: And of Families in and near That County with Whom They Intermarried. (Boston, 1897), 26.

    Children of Adam Winthrop and Anne Wainwright: John, b. Boston 19 [sic] Dec 1714, d. Cambridge 3 May 1779, m. (1) 1746 Rebecca Townsend, m. (2) 1756 Hannah (Fayerweather) Tolman.

  5. Baldwin, Thomas W. Vital Records of Cambridge, Massachusetts, to the Year of 1850. (Boston: Wright & Potter Printing Co., 1914-15), 799.

    WINTHROP, John, Hon., [died] May 3, 1779, a. 65 y.
    [Birth about 1714.]