Person:John Adams (29)

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President John Adams, Jr.
m. 23 Nov 1734
  1. President John Adams, Jr.1735 - 1826
  2. Elihu Adams1741 - 1775/76
  • HPresident John Adams, Jr.1735 - 1826
  • WAbigail Smith1744 - 1818
m. 25 Oct 1764
  1. Abigail Adams1765 - 1813
  2. President John Quincy Adams1767 - 1848
  3. Susanna Adams1768 - 1770
  4. Charles Francis Adams1770 - 1800
  5. Thomas Boylston Adams1772 - 1832
Facts and Events
Name President John Adams, Jr.
Gender Male
Birth? 19 Oct 1735 Braintree, Norfolk, Massachusetts
Marriage 25 Oct 1764 Weymouth, Norfolk, Massachusetts, United Statesto Abigail Smith
Occupation? 4 Mar 1797 to 4 Mar 1801 President of the United States
Death? 4 Jul 1826 Quincy, Norfolk, Massachusetts, United States
Burial? Hancock, Berkshire, Massachusetts, United StatesFirst Unitarian Church


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

John Adams (October 30 [O.S. October 19] 1735 – July 4, 1826) was the second president of the United States (1797–1801), having earlier served as the first vice president of the United States. An American Founding Father, Adams was a statesman, diplomat, and a leading advocate of American independence from Great Britain. Well educated, he was an Enlightenment political theorist who promoted republicanism, as well as a strong central government, and wrote prolifically about his often seminal ideas, both in published works and in letters to his wife and key adviser Abigail Adams, as well as to other Founding Fathers. Adams was a lifelong opponent of slavery, having never bought a slave. In 1770, he provided a principled, controversial, and successful legal defense to British soldiers, accused in the Boston Massacre because he believed in the right to counsel and the "protect[ion] of innocence."

Adams came to prominence in the early stages of the American Revolution. A lawyer and public figure in Boston, as a delegate from Massachusetts to the Continental Congress, he played a leading role in persuading Congress to declare independence. He assisted Thomas Jefferson in drafting the Declaration of Independence in 1776, and was its primary advocate in the Congress. Later, as a diplomat in Europe, he helped negotiate the eventual peace treaty with Great Britain, and was responsible for obtaining vital governmental loans from Amsterdam bankers. A political theorist and historian, Adams largely wrote the Massachusetts Constitution in 1780, which together with his earlier Thoughts on Government, influenced American political thought. One of his greatest roles was as a judge of character: in 1775, he nominated George Washington to be commander-in-chief, and 25 years later nominated John Marshall to be Chief Justice of the United States.

Adams' revolutionary credentials secured him two terms as George Washington's vice president and his own election in 1796 as the second president. During his one term as president, he encountered ferocious attacks by the Jeffersonian Republicans, as well as the dominant faction in his own Federalist Party led by his bitter enemy Alexander Hamilton. Adams signed the controversial Alien and Sedition Acts, and built up the army and navy especially in the face of an undeclared naval war (called the "Quasi-War") with France, 1798–1800. The major accomplishment of his presidency was his peaceful resolution of the conflict in the face of Hamilton's opposition.

In 1800, Adams was defeated for re-election by Thomas Jefferson and retired to Massachusetts. He later resumed his friendship with Jefferson. He and his wife founded an accomplished family line of politicians, diplomats, and historians now referred to as the Adams political family. Adams was the father of John Quincy Adams, the sixth President of the United States. His achievements have received greater recognition in modern times, though his contributions were not initially as celebrated as those of other Founders. Adams was the first U.S. president to reside in the executive mansion that eventually became known as the White House.


References
  1.   John Adams, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
Signers of U.S. Declaration of Independence
John AdamsSamuel AdamsJosiah BartlettCarter BraxtonCharles CarrollSamuel ChaseAbraham ClarkGeorge ClymerWilliam ElleryWilliam FloydBen FranklinElbridge GerryButton GwinnettLyman HallJohn HancockBenjamin HarrisonJohn HartJoseph HewesThomas HeywardWilliam HooperStephen HopkinsFrancis HopkinsonSamuel HuntingtonThomas JeffersonFrancis Lightfoot LeeRichard Henry LeeFrancis LewisLivingstonThomas LynchThomas McKeanArthur MiddletonLewis MorrisRobert MorrisJohn MortonThomas Nelson, Jr.William PacaRobert Treat PaineJohn PennGeorge ReadRodneyRossRushEdward RutledgeRoger ShermanSmithStocktonStoneTaylorThorntonWaltonWilliam WhippleWilliam WilliamsJames WilsonWitherspoonOliver WolcottWythe



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