Facts and Events
James Stewart, 1st Duke of Richmond, 4th Duke of Lennox KG (6 April 1612 – 30 March 1655) was a Scottish nobleman. He was the eldest son of Esmé Stewart, 3rd Duke of Lennox and his wife Katherine Clifton, 2nd Baroness Clifton.
James Stewart inherited the Dukedom of Lennox on his father's death (30 June 1624) and was invested as a knight of Order of the Garter in 1633.
A cousin of Charles I of England, Stewart was a Privy Councillor and key member of Royalist party in the English Civil War. In 1641–42, he served as Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports. He spent five months in exile in 1643, returning to England to defend the city of Oxford for the king. He died on 30 March 1655 at age 42 and was buried in Westminster Abbey.