m. 7 May 1724
m. 3 Feb 1779/1780
Facts and Events
An compelling conjecture has been made for this James being the son of John Jackson of Morris County, NJ who removed to North Carolina after his forge was sold at Sheriff's Sale in 1753. But it is stressed that as of September 2008, the relationship of James born in Morris County NJ and James living in Wilkes Co., NC has not been documented. Results of a DNA study have indicated that James of Wilkes/Ashe County is a descendant of Col. John Jackson but does not indicate the exact branch. A study of the analysis and conclusions about James has been posted for your consideration here (scroll down):
James Jackson's Will 1826 was provided by Janeen Proctor:
Ashe County, North Carolina Will Book A, Page 82
In the name of God amen, I, James Jackson of the County of Ashe and State of North Carolina, being of health of body and of perfect mind and memory thanks be given unto God calling unto mind the immortality of my body and knowing that it is appointed for me once to die, do make and ordain this my last Will and Testament that is to say principally and first of all I give and recommend my soul into the hand of Almighty God that gave it and my body I recommend to the earth to be buried in decent Christian burial at the discretion of my executors nothing doubting but at the great resurrection I shall receive the same again by the mighty power of God. And as touching such worldly estate where with it has pleased God to bless me in this life I give, devise and dispose of the same in the following manner and form.
First I give and becueath to my dear beloved wife Abigill Jackson one hundred acres of land that I now live on. Beginning on John Brown's line running east. Also I observe the 100 acres of land that I give to my wife Abigill is for her to live on her lifetime, then it is to be John Jackson's with all appertainances. I also give to my wife Abigill all the stock and working tools of every sort with household furniture. I also give to my son James Jackson Two Dollars, having had his part of estate. Mary Jackson debtor ten dollars, Benjamin Jackson debtor 18 dollars, Ebenezer Jackson has had nothing, Daniel Jackson debtor forty dollars, Jesse Jackson debtor forty dollars, Isaac Jackson debtor $130.00, John Jackson debtor $60.00.
I shall observe that all my just debts is to be paid. I shall observe that all the rest of my property be sold at public sale and the money be equally divided. I also appoint my son Benjamin Jackson to be my Executor. finis.
February 25th 1826 James Jackson (seal)
Attest: David Miller Charles Pagan Jurat.
North Carolina) Court of Pleas & Quarter Sessions, August Term 1826 Ashe County ) I, Thos. Calloway, Clerk of the County Court of Ashe Co.
(if there was more, it was not available on my copy, Janie)
James Jackson and many of his associates are mentioned in the book "A History of Watauga County, North Carolina" by John Preston Arthur, first published in 1915, republished in 2002 and available at ancestry.com: http://content.ancestry.com/browse/bookview.aspx?dbid=30007&iid=dvm_LocHist013627-00139-1
"Although Watauga County, North Carolina, was not established until 1849 from the existing counties of Ashe, Wilkes, Caldwell, and Yancey in northwestern North Carolina, "all of Watauga County on the waters of Watauga River was once a part...of the famous and immortal Old Watauga Settlement of Sevier . . . ." In his History of Watauga County, North Carolina, John Preston Arthur provides an invaluable study of the origins and early settlers of this area rich in genealogical history.
Chapter XIII, pg 207: "Jonathan Buck . . . Richard Green . . . All these people had been members of the Jersey Settlement, as had also been James Tompkins and James Jackson, and afterwards became members of Three Forks Church. The grant of 640 acres of land at this place to William Miller bears date May 1787, and it was doubtless entered some time before. Tompkins' name still adheres to one of the knobs near Deep Gap, and the Jackson Meeting House on Meat Camp Creek will keep his memory alive for years yet to come, for it was the first school house built in this section." http://content.ancestry.com/Browse/BookView.aspx?dbid=30007&pageno=207
Chapter XIV, Pg 231: "Meat Camp.---This was one of the first places to be settled in Ashe County, William Miller, the Blackburns and James Jackson going there from the Jersey Settlement as early as 1799, while Ebenezer Fairchild, of the same colony, settled on Howard's Creek, only a short distance away. Jackson's grave is still pointed out in the woods near the site of the old Jackson Meeting House, while the cabin of an old hunter named Abbey stood in what is now the garden of John C. Moretz." http://content.ancestry.com/Browse/BookView.aspx?dbid=30007&pageno=231
Pg 322a: "There is also a tradition that the Greens were members of the Jersey Settlement, and that James Jackson, William Miller, the three Bucks, Tompkins and Horton himself were members of the Jersey Settlement. They were all members of the Three Forks Church between 1790 and 1800 . . ." http://content.ancestry.com/Browse/BookView.aspx?dbid=30007&pageno=322a
Chapter IX, pg 106, 107: "Methodism began in this county about 1809 when an itinerant minister, whose name is forgotten . . . This unnamed pioneer in Methodism is said to have stopped first at the home of Gwyn Houck on Old Fields Creek, next at Risden Cooper's on Cranberry, then at James Jackson's on the ridge between Grassy Creek and Meat Camp . . . James Jackson was so much interested in the necessity for some edifice in which all the people might come and worship, go to school or discuss public affairs, that he conveyed to Edmund Blackburn, a brother of Levi, David Miller and Ephraim and William Norris, as trustees, a tract of land for a school house, meeting house or church, as was desired by those using it, to be open at all times to all alike. It was at this house that the first Methodist preacher first preached, but his name has been forgotten. Levi Blackburn lived near Jackson Meeting House at that time . . ."
1741: Pg 88: By May 1741, Bladen County issued deeds on the Great Peedee (Yadkin). It was no accident that the Hopewell group chose its north bank to found their "Jersey Settlement," an area described as: "Ten square miles of the best wheat land in the south, located in (modern) Davidson County, near Linwood. It was composed of many people from New Jersey who had sent an agent there to locate and enter the best land still open to settlement."
Copied from http://www.tamu.edu/ccbn/dewitt/mckstmerjersey.htm Origins of the Jersey Settlement of Rowan Co., NC by Ethel Stroupe 1996
"About 1745, the New Jersey group (perhaps a dozen or more families) left Back Creek in a wagon train bound for the Yadkin. Based on events after arrival, their leaders were probably Jonathan Hunt and Thomas Smith, but they were almost surely guided by the famous "Waggoneer" and explorer, Morgan Bryan who guided other groups to this general area, and in 1748 brought his own family from the Opequon to form Morgan's Settlement on the south bank of Deep Creek, four miles above the "Shallow Ford" of the Yadkin. [Robert W. Ramsey, Carolina Cradle, Settlement of the Northwest Carolina Frontier, 1747-1762; (U.N.C. Press, 1964; 4th printing 1987), p. 31].
"So began the River Settlements, best reached from the north via an old Indian warpath, widened and renamed The Yading Path. About 1745/6 Thomas Smith received land on Swearing Creek, but his Bladen deed is missing (as are many others.). At age 71, on September 29, 1748, Smith was at Newburn with men from other western communities, petitioning the North Carolina Assembly to form Anson County, because they had to travel over a hundred miles to Bladen court house."
1747 - 1755: The NJ settlers arrived (at Jersey Settlement) from 1747-1755. 400 families arrived abt 1752 Among the many families in this settlement are James Jackson, William Jackson, Ebenezer Fairchild and James Tompkins (Wm's brother-in-law).
1749 Anson County, NC formed. It is thought that Stephen Jackson and his brother Benjamin settled in eastern North Carolina and eventually moved to Anson County. Stephen and Benjamin are brothers of William’s father, Joseph, making them William’s Uncles. William's Uncle John 1701 and his son John 1733 also are known to have come to NC and probably came at the same time. Uncle John 1701 had another son, James 1746 who is a very likely candidate to be the James that is found with William in Wilkes County. It is probable that they came south together but I have not found records to prove that yet.
North Carolina Land Grants, No. 335, 30 Sep 1749. Gabriel Johnston, governor of North Carolina, to Benjamin Jackson, 200 acres in Anson County. (James is a conjectured nephew of Benjamin Jackson.)
1753 Rowan formed from Anson County. Jersey Settlement is now in Rowan Co.
1759 North Carolina Land Grants, No. 1388, 6 Mar 1759, South West Pee Dee, to Stephen Jackson (James is a conjectured nephew of Stephen Jackson.)
1751 Ebenezer Fairchild is 21 yrs old and married in Morristown, Morris, NJ 1751 Fairchild, Sarah, Ebenezer's first child is born, Morris Co NJ 1753 Rowan formed from Anson County. The Jersey Settlement people who lived in Bladen/Anson Co now live in Rowan Co. 1753 Fairchild, Stephen Morris Co NJ 1755 Fairchild, Mehitable Morris Co NJ 1757 Fairchild, Salome Morris Co NJ 1759 Fairchild, Abigail Morris Co NJ (married James Jackson 1779, Wilkes Co NC) 1761 Fairchild, Ann Morris Co NJ 1762 Fairchild, Abiud Westmoreland Co, VA (married Rebecca Jackson) 1763 Fairchild, Abijah Wilkes Co NC 1767 Fairchild, Cyrus Susex Co, NJ
This gives a good estimate of when Ebenezer finally brought his family to the Jersey Settlement. The above dates gathered from various rootsweb charts; I can't guarantee their accuracy.
1772: The following copied from <http://www.surnameguide.com/hook/vannoy_genealogy.htm> Author not given.This is of interest because it gives the motivation for folks leaving the area surrounding the Jersey Settlement and 'fleeing to the mountains that became Wilkes and Ashe Counties'."John Vannoy, b. about 1716; d. about 1778. According to his grandson, Andrew, son of Nathaniel, he m. Susanna Anderson. He moved into Rowan Co., N. C., about 1748 and settled at the mouth of Lick Creek which empties into the Yadkin River near the old Vannoy Fish Dam in what is now Davidson Co., N. C. The first record of him in this vicinity was made by the Rev. Hugh McAlden, a pioneer Baptist preacher, who stated in his diary that he spent the night at the John Vannoy home on the Yadkin River, Sept. 3, 1755. The family lived here until 1772, when, terrorized by the troops of Governor Tryon, which pillaged and destroyed the settlements along the Yadkin River after Alamance, they fled to the mountains in what later became Wilkes and Ashe Counties where some of their children settled and raised families. Both John and Susannah were devoted to the Baptist Church and identified with the great religious revival which that church, through George McNiel and John Gano, was introducing throughout southern Virginia and the Yadkin Valley in North Carolina."
1772: Eaton Church was organized October 5, 1772, with ten members, viz., Elder William Cook, James Tompkins, Ebenezer Fairchild, Abraham and Triphena Adams, Thomas Easteb, Susanna Easteb, David Reavis, Jemima Reavis, and Jesse Reavis. Also Mary Easteb, Elizabeth Tompkins and Veara Bra. At this point in research, this is the earliest record proving James Tompkins and Ebenezer Fairchild were in NC by this time. But histories of the area say that James Jackson was also part of this same group of folks from the Jersey Settlement.
1776 - 1781 Revolutionary War
1778 Wilkes was formed in 1777 from Surry and the District of Washington and a Land Office opened in Wilkes County, North Carolina. The act was to become effective February 15, 1778. When the county was formed all landowners were required to put their ownership on record even tho they may have been living on it for some time. This must be what is meant by James ‘entered’ 2 parcels in note below. Note:1778 May and Sept. James Tompkins ‘entered’ 2 parcels land in Wilkes Co, NC. (James Tompkins is married to Elizabeth Jackson, a first cousin of James Jackson.)
James married Abigail Fairchild 3 Feb 1779 in Wilkes Co., NC. So James was abt 29-33 years old when he married if his birth date is correct.
1786 Following are Wilkes County land grants that were issued to James Jackson and a William Jackson in 1786, but which were not recorded until 1788. The grants were for land in the area of Lewis Fork of the Yadkin River.
10 July 1788 Wilkes Co land grants entered:
A) James Jackson (File #832) rec’d grant 829 for 100A on both sides of So. Fork of Lewis Fork adjoining Geo Elmore. Based on warrant/entry #306 dated 4 May 1779. Grant recorded in Bk 66, pg 392. Chain carriers: Moses Tompkins & Ebenezer Fairchild, surv: Jos. Herndon. E24 (Descendant of James Jackson participant in Jackson DNA project; 67 marker test results show James is related to the Hempstead line of Jacksons, descendant of John Jackson and Elizabeth Seaman, but no specific branch of their descendants indicated.)
B) James Jackson (File #1193) rec’d grant 1357 dated 17 Oct 1796 for 100A on Meat Camp Creek, waters of New River joining his other entry adjoining ; ; ; Based on warrant/entry #1997 dated 25 Jun 1795. Grant recorded in Bk 90, pg 9. Chain carriers: James Jackson, Jr. & Benjamin Jackson; surveyor Hi’m Roussau. E27
C) James Jackson (File #1477.5) rec’d grant 1638 dated 5 Dec 1798 for 200A on both sides of Meet Camp Creek, waters of New River adjoining ; ; ; Based on warrant/entry #1111 dated 2 Jan 1796. Grant recorded in Bk 100, pg 42. Chain carriers: Benjamin Tompkins & James Jackson, Jr.; surveyor Hi’m Roussau. E28
D) James Jackson (File #1478.5) rec’d grant 1639 dated 5 Dec 1798 for 100A on both sides of New River adjoining ; ; ; Based on warrant/entry #1635 dated 4 Jan 1796. Grant recorded in Bk 100, pg 42. Chain carriers: Benjamine Tompkins & James Jackson, Jr.; surveyor Hi’m Roussau. E29
E) James Jackson (File #1480.5) rec’d grant 1641 dated 5 Dec 1798 for 100A on both sides of Meet Camp Creek, adjoining John Brown; ; ; Based on warrant/entry #6014 dated 4 Jan 1796. Grant recorded in Bk 100, pg 43. Chain carriers: Benjamin Tompkins & James Jackson, Jr.; surveyor H. Roussau. E29
F) James Jackson (File #1497.5) rec’d grant 1658 dated 5 Dec 1798 for 200A on both sides of Meeting House Branch near the ford and of Meet Camp Creek adjoining ; ; ; Based on warrant/entry 182 dated 2 Dec 1793. Recorded in Bk 100, pg 52. Chain carriers: Benj. Tompkins and James Jackson, Jr., surveyor H. Roussau (Hillair (or maybe Hiram) Roussau from E45) E30
G) Samuel Castle rec’d grant 852 for 200A on both sides of So Fork of Lewises Fork beginning at the edge of a swamp on South side of Creek adjacent to John Lipps; ; ; Based on warrant/entry #209 dated 23 Aug 1779. Recorded in Bk 66, pg 396. Chain carriers: John Lipps & Wm. Jackson; surveyor Jos. Herndon. E25
All this to show the close relationships between the various Jacksons, Tompkins & Lipps.
Ashe County, North Carolina Land Grants 1799-1936
1787 State Census
Brown's District, Page 1 (Pg 173 of transcription)
Brown's District cont'd on next pg 174 of transcription; still pg 1 of census
Brown's District cont'd on next pg 174 of transcription; pg 2 of census
Brown's District cont'd on next pg 174 of transcription; pg 3 of census
Brown's District pg 175 0f transcription; pg 4 of census
Capt. Gordon's District pg 180 of transcription; pg 3 of census
Capt. Gordon's District pg 181 0f transcription; pg 7 of census
In 1790 Ashe County had not yet been organized and the area that became Ashe County was still Wilkes Co. So both James Sr. and James Jr. are counted in 1790 in Wilkes and in 1800 in Ashe; but it was the county lines that moved - not the families. (James Tompkins is also in Ashe Co in 1800.)
1790: The following record taken from the NC 1790 Census Morgan District, 3rd Company showing both James Jackson and a William Jackson together with other close neighbors:
Jas Jackson is listed with one male over 16, four male less than 16 and two free white females.
1790: The Three Forks Baptist Church in Wilkes Co, NC was organized on 6 Nov 1790. Membership from 1790-1800 included the following: Ebenezer Fairchild, Mary Fairchild, Rebakah Fairchild, Susannah Fairchild, James Jackson, James Jackson, Jr., James Tompkins, Elizabeth Tompkins, Ruth (Garsham’s wife) Tompkins, William Tompkins, Garsham Tompkins, Joseph Tompkins, Benjamin Tompkins and others.
1795, James Jackson is excommunicated from the church but is restored shortly there after. (History of Watauga County, John Preston Arthur, 1915, pg 71, <http://www.maprealtyboone.com/real_estate/real_estate_watauga_2.html>
Copied from http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Estates/8473/Arthur/ch6.html:
1794 From Goodspeed's History of Johnson County(TN): <http://www.rootsweb.com/~tnjohnso/jcchurch.html>
“The first church organized in the county was known as Roane Creek Baptist Church, constituted on April 20, 1794. Benjamin Brown was chosen moderator, William Jackson clerk and George Brown elder. At the next meeting in May George Brown, Stephen Wheeler, Benjamin Brown, Joseph Gentry, John Grimes, John Asher and William Jackson were also appointed to sit, as the church, at Mr. Loyd's, to receive members, on the second Saturday in June. Among the first members mentioned were Benjamin Cuthbert, Reuben and John Asher, Jacob Perkins, John and William Brown, Stephen Gentry, Joseph Tompkins, William Clark, William Pembleton, James Parsons, John Mullins, John Smith, Benjamin Sewell, Hezekiah Boone, Samuel Cole, Thomas Thornton and Joseph* and John Jackson*. To them should be added about thirty-five names of female members belonging to the families of the above men, making an aggregate membership of about sixty-five. This church then included all the Baptists in Johnson County, and some from the contiguous territory. . . The first pastor was James Tompkins, installed in 1797.”
1806 and 1807 Court of Pleas and Quarter Session
James Jackson administrator of Ebenezer Fairchild deceased makes a return amounting to the sum of L432/10/11 makes the sum of the property sold by the administrator.
1807 Ordered by the court that Daniel Eggers, Senr, Daniel Eggers, Junr., James Jackson, Isaac Green, Jno. Northern, Anthony Reece, Jno. Norris, Ephraim Norris, Senr., Ephraiom Norris, Junr., John Coleman, Joseph Morphew, Joseph Brown, David Miller, John Brown, Philip Church, James Morris, James Prophet, Landrine Eggers be a jury to view and lay off a road from the turnpike road by Ephraim Norris and into the turnpike road again likewise from the [blank] to the indian graves on Meat Camp.
1800 Ashe Co NC Census has three James Jacksons:
IF our James Jr who m Martha Chambers was born in 1780 he would have to be #1 above right?? age abt 20
So we still don't know who the 3rd one is - even tho he is marked JR. (Jr then did not have to mean s/o, it could have just meant the younger man) And the 2nd man over 45 (in 1st district) in 1790 does not appear in the Ashe Co census.
1810 census Ashe Co., NC
Added by JMcAnally5258 on 30 Jun 2008
From research of Janeen Proctor: