Person:James Stuart (53)

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James Francis Edward Stuart
b.10 Jun 1688
d.1 Jan 1766
  1. James Francis Edward Stuart1688 - 1766
  2. Louisa Maria Teresa Stuart1692 - 1712
Facts and Events
Name James Francis Edward Stuart
Gender Male
Birth[1] 10 Jun 1688
Marriage 3 Sep 1719 Montefiascone, Viterbo, Lazio, Italyto Maria Klementyna Sobieska
Death[1] 1 Jan 1766


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

James Francis Edward, Prince of Wales (the Chevalier de St George, "The King Over the Water", "The Old Pretender" or "The Old Chevalier"; 10 June 1688 – 1 January 1766) was the son of the soon-to-be-deposed James II of England (James VII of Scotland). As such, he claimed the English, Scottish and Irish thrones (as James III of England and Ireland and James VIII of Scotland) from the death of his father in 1701, when he was recognised as king of England, Scotland and Ireland by his cousin Louis XIV of France. Following his death in 1766 he was succeeded by his son Charles Edward Stuart in the Jacobite Succession. Had his father not been deposed, there would have been only two monarchs during his lifetime; his father and himself. In reality there were six; the last three Stuarts and the first three Hanoverians. Although the ruling Protestant Stuarts died out with his half-sister, Queen Anne, the last remaining Stuarts were James and his sons, and their endeavours to reclaim the throne whilst remaining devoted to their Catholic faith is remembered in history as Jacobitism.

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References
  1. 1.0 1.1 James Francis Edward Stuart, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
  2.   Cokayne, George Edward, and Vicary Gibbs; et al. The complete peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant [2nd ed.]. (London: St. Catherine Press, 1910-59), Volume 3 page 177.