Person:Henry Stuart (12)

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Henry Benedict Thomas Edward Maria Clement Francis Xavier Stuart, Cardinal Duke of York
m. 3 Sep 1719
  1. Charles Edward Stuart1720 - 1788
  2. Henry Benedict Thomas Edward Maria Clement Francis Xavier Stuart, Cardinal Duke of York1725 - 1807
Facts and Events
Name Henry Benedict Thomas Edward Maria Clement Francis Xavier Stuart, Cardinal Duke of York
Gender Male
Birth[1] 6 Mar 1725 Roma, Roma, Lazio, ItalyPalazzo Muti
Death[1] 13 Jul 1807 Frascati, Roma, Lazio, Italy


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Henry Benedict Thomas Edward Maria Clement Francis Xavier Stuart, Cardinal Duke of York (6 March 1725 – 13 July 1807) was a Roman Catholic Cardinal, as well as the fourth and final Jacobite heir to claim the thrones of England, Scotland, France and Ireland publicly. Unlike his father, James Francis Edward Stuart, and brother, Charles Edward Stuart, Henry made no effort to seize the throne. After Charles's death in January 1788 the Papacy did not recognise Henry as the lawful ruler of England, Scotland and Ireland, but referred to him as the Cardinal Duke of York.

He spent his life in the Papal States and had a long career in the clergy of the Roman Catholic Church, rising to become the Dean of the College of Cardinals and Cardinal-Bishop of Ostia and Velletri. At the time of his death he was (and still is) one of the longest serving Cardinals in the Church's history.

In his youth, Henry's father made him Duke of York (in the Jacobite peerage), and it was by this title that he was best known. Upon the death of his brother in 1788 Henry became known by Jacobites, and within his personal entourage, as Henry IX of England and Ireland and I of Scotland, although publicly he referred to himself as Cardinal-Duke of York .

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References
  1. 1.0 1.1 Henry Benedict Stuart, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).