Person:Gian de' Medici (2)

Watchers
Gian Gastone I de' Medici, granduca di Toscana
b.24 May 1671
m. 19 Apr 1661
  1. Ferdinando de' Medici, Gran Principe di Toscana1663 - 1713
  2. Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici1667 - 1743
  3. Gian Gastone I de' Medici, granduca di Toscana1671 - 1737
m. 2 Jul 1697
Facts and Events
Name Gian Gastone I de' Medici, granduca di Toscana
Gender Male
Birth[1] 24 May 1671
Alt Birth[2] 25 May 1671 Firenze, Firenze, Toscana, Italy
Marriage 2 Jul 1697 Düsseldorf, Rheinland, Preußen, Germanyto Anna Maria Franziska von Sachsen-Lauenburg
Death[1][2] 9 Jul 1737 Firenze, Firenze, Toscana, Italy
Other[1] House of Medici


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Gian Gastone de' Medici (Giovanni Battista Gastone; 24 May 1671 – 9 July 1737) was the seventh and last Medicean Grand Duke of Tuscany. He was the second son of Grand Duke Cosimo III and Marguerite Louise d'Orléans. His sister, Electress Palatine Anna Maria Luisa, arranged his marriage to the wealthy and widowed Anna Maria Franziska of Saxe-Lauenburg in 1697. The couple despised each other and had no children. As Grand Prince Ferdinando, Gian Gastone's elder brother, predeceased Cosimo III, Gian Gastone succeeded his father in 1723.

His reign was marked by the reversal of his predecessor's conservative policy; he abolished taxes for poorer people, repealed penal laws which restricted Jews and discontinued public executions. The Medici were wanting in male heirs; his father, Cosimo III, wanted the Electress Palatine to succeed Gian Gastone. However, Spain, Great Britain, Austria and the Dutch Republic disregarded Cosimo's plan and appointed Charles of Spain—whose mother, Elisabeth Farnese, was a great-granddaughter of Margherita de' Medici—Gian Gastone's heir. Charles later transferred his claim to Francis Stephen of Lorraine pursuant to a preliminary peace that was finalized in 1738. Francis Stephen duly succeeded at Gian Gastone's demise, on 9 July 1737, ending almost 300 years of Medici rule over Florence. For the latter part of his reign, Gian Gastone chose to remain confined in his bed, tended by his entourage, the Ruspanti.[1]

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Gian Gastone de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
References
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Gian Gastone de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
  2. 2.0 2.1 Paoli, Mari Pia. GIAN GASTONE I, in Dizionario biografico degli italiani. (Roma: Istituto della enciclopedia italiana fondata da Giovanni Treccani, 1960-), Volume 54, 2000.