Person:George Washington (6)

m. 6 Mar 1731
  1. President George Washington1732 - 1799
  2. Betty Washington1733 - 1797
  3. Samuel Washington1734 - 1781
  4. John Augustine Washington1736 - 1787
  5. Charles Washington1738 - 1799
  6. Mildred Washington1739 - 1740
m. 6 Jan 1759
Facts and Events
Name[2] President George Washington
Gender Male
Birth[1][2][3][4][5] 22 Feb 1732 Wakefield, Westmoreland, Virginia, United StatesBet Bridge's Creek and Pope's Creek
Military? 6 Nov 1752 Virginia, United StatesMajor in the forces for Fredericksburg County
Occupation[1] from 24 Jul 1758 to 1769 Williamsburg, Virginia, United StatesHouse of Burgesses of Virginia
Marriage 6 Jan 1759 New Kent, Virginiato Martha Dandridge
Property? 14 Mar 1768 Inherited Mount Vernon
Occupation? 5 Aug 1774 Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United StatesOne of seven elected delegates from Virginia, to the Continental Congress.
Occupation? 4 Feb 1789 United StatesElected first President of the United States.
Death[1][2][3][4][5][6] 14 Dec 1799 Fairfax (independent city), Virginia, United StatesMount Vernon.
Burial[3][4][5] 18 Dec 1799 Fairfax (independent city), Virginia, United StatesPrivate crypt at Mount Vernon


Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army and First President of the United States.

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

George Washington (Cite error 3; Invalid call; invalid keys, e.g. too many or wrong key specified – , 1799) was the first President of the United States (1789–1797), the commander-in-chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. He presided over the convention that drafted the United States Constitution, which replaced the Articles of Confederation and which remains the supreme law of the land.

Washington was elected President as the unanimous choice of the electors in 1788, and he served two terms in office. He oversaw the creation of a strong, well-financed national government that maintained neutrality in the wars raging in Europe, suppressed rebellion, and won acceptance among Americans of all types. His leadership style established many forms and rituals of government that have been used since, such as using a cabinet system and delivering an inaugural address. Further, the peaceful transition from his presidency to that of John Adams established a tradition that continues into the 21st century. Washington was hailed as "father of his country" even during his lifetime.

Washington was born into the provincial gentry of Colonial Virginia; his wealthy planter family owned tobacco plantations and slaves. After both his father and older brother died when he was young, Washington became personally and professionally attached to the powerful William Fairfax, who promoted his career as a surveyor and soldier. Washington quickly became a senior officer in the colonial forces during the first stages of the French and Indian War. Chosen by the Second Continental Congress in 1775 to be commander-in-chief of the Continental Army in the American Revolution, Washington managed to force the British out of Boston in 1776, but was defeated and almost captured later that year when he lost New York City. After crossing the Delaware River in the dead of winter, he defeated the British in two battles, retook New Jersey and restored momentum to the Patriot cause.

Because of his strategy, Revolutionary forces captured two major British armies at Saratoga in 1777 and Yorktown in 1781. Historians laud Washington for his selection and supervision of his generals, encouragement of morale and ability to hold together the army, coordination with the state governors and state militia units, relations with Congress and attention to supplies, logistics, and training. In battle, however, Washington was repeatedly outmaneuvered by British generals with larger armies. After victory had been finalized in 1783, Washington resigned as Commander-in-chief rather than seize power, proving his opposition to dictatorship and his commitment to American republicanism.

Dissatisfied with the weaknesses of the Continental Congress, in 1787 Washington presided over the Constitutional Convention that devised a new Federal government of the United States. Elected unanimously as the first President of the United States in 1789, he attempted to bring rival factions together to unify the nation. He supported Alexander Hamilton's programs to pay off all state and national debt, to implement an effective tax system and to create a national bank (despite opposition from Thomas Jefferson).

Washington proclaimed the United States neutral in the wars raging in Europe after 1793. He avoided war with Great Britain and guaranteed a decade of peace and profitable trade by securing the Jay Treaty in 1795, despite intense opposition from the Jeffersonians. Although he never officially joined the Federalist Party, he supported its programs. Washington's Farewell Address was an influential primer on republican virtue and a warning against partisanship, sectionalism, and involvement in foreign wars. He retired from the presidency in 1797 and returned to his home, Mount Vernon, and his domestic life where he managed a variety of enterprises. He freed all his slaves by his final will.

Washington had a vision of a great and powerful nation that would be built on republican lines using federal power. He sought to use the national government to preserve liberty, improve infrastructure, open the western lands, promote commerce, found a permanent capital, reduce regional tensions and promote a spirit of American nationalism. At his death, Washington was eulogized as "first in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of his countrymen" by Henry Lee.

The Federalists made him the symbol of their party but for many years, the Jeffersonians continued to distrust his influence and delayed building the Washington Monument. As the leader of the first successful revolution against a colonial empire in world history, Washington became an international icon for liberation and nationalism, especially in France and Latin America. He is consistently ranked among the top three presidents of the United States, according to polls of both scholars and the general public.



Washington had no children himself. His wife, through her first marriage, had children and grandchildren. Two of her grandchildren, George Washington Park Custis and his sister Nelly, lived with the Washingtons when they were growing up (while Washington was president).


Early Land Acquisitions in Virginia

Acquisition of Land in Virginia:


  • H-255: Maj. George Washington of King George County. 240 acres in Frederick County on Potomack River between mouths of Great & Little Cacapeon adj. David Osborne. Surv. Mr. John Baylis. 8 Mar. 1753. [Virginia Northern Neck Land Grants, 1742-1775, Vol. 2, Gertrude E. Gray, pg. 65].
  • Septr. 18, 1772. Michael Robinson, of Spts. Co., and Esther, his wife, to George Washington, of Fairfax Co., Esqr. £275 curr. Lots 107 and 108 in town of Fredksbg., purchased of Fielding Lewis, etc., as by Deed, Oct. 3, 1761. (Note: sources indicate that George purchased this land for his elderly mother, Mary Ball Washington. The house is now known as the Mary Washington House, an excellent museum with a good genealogy section on the Washingtons}.[1]
  • Page 229 - Authorized by a warrant dated the 25th November 1773 under the hand and seal of his Excellency The Earl of Dunmore Governor of Virginia, I have surveyed for George Washington, Esq., 2,813 acres of part (3,000 acres granted by the above warrant) of land in Augusta County lying on some Branches of Shirtee Creek a branch of the Ohio. Charles Morgan and William Haneson, chain carriers. William Crawford, agent. Returned to my office ye 25th May 1774. Thomas Lewis, S.A.C. (Note by P.C. Kaylor): Before Washington received a patent for the 3,000 acres granted him by the Earl of Dunmore and Governor of Virginia by proclamation of 1763, England deprived him (Washington) of all of his estate beyond the Alleghanies. [Abstract of Land Grant Surveys, 1761-1791, Augusta & Rockingham Counties, Virginia, by Peter Cline Kaylor, pg. 82].
  • Page 248 - George Washington, 587 acres, Ohio River, at a place called the Round Bottom. March 28, 1775. [Abstract of Land Grant Surveys, 1761-1791, Augusta & Rockingham Counties, Virginia, by Peter Cline Kaylor, pg. 87].


References
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 George Washington, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Roberts, Gary Boyd. Ancestors of American Presidents. (Boston, Massachusetts: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2009), p. 1.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 George Washington, in FindAGrave: Mount Vernon Estate, Mount Vernon, Fairfax County, Virginia, Memorial# 1075, Jan 01, 2001, Secondary quality.

    Birth: Feb. 22, 1732, Colonial Beach, Westmoreland County, Virginia, USA
    Death: Dec. 14, 1799, Mount Vernon, Fairfax County, Virginia, USA
    Burial: Mount Vernon Estate, Mount Vernon, Fairfax County, Virginia, USA

    Cause of death: Streptococcal infection, acute edema of the larynx. After spending a day riding on his farms in foul weather, his throat became inflamed, developing into what today is called acute inflammatory edema.

  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 George Washington, in FindAGrave: Saint Paul's Cathedral, London, City of London, Greater London, England, Memorial# 11816, Aug 21, 2000, Secondary quality.

    Birth: Feb. 22, 1732, Colonial Beach, Westmoreland County, Virginia, USA
    Death: Dec. 14, 1799, Mount Vernon, Fairfax County, Virginia, USA
    Memorial: Saint Paul's Cathedral, London, City of London, Greater London, England
    Plot: Mount Vernon

  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 George Washington, in FindAGrave: Mount Vernon Estate, Mount Vernon, Fairfax County, Virginia, Memorial# 6781, Oct 28, 1999, Secondary quality.

    Birth: Feb. 22, 1732, Colonial Beach, Westmoreland County, Virginia, USA
    Death: Dec. 14, 1799, Mount Vernon, Fairfax County, Virginia, USA
    Burial: Mount Vernon Estate, Mount Vernon, Fairfax County, Virginia, USA
    Plot: Original tomb, not far from final gravesite

  6. Cause of death: Streptococcal infection, acute edema of the larynx. After spending a day riding on his farms in foul weather, his throat became inflamed, developing into what today is called acute inflammatory edema.
Signers of the U.S. Constitution
Baldwin • Bassett • Bedford • Blair • Blount • Brearley • Broom • Butler • Carroll • George ClymerJonathan Dayton • Dickinson • Few • Fitzsimons • Franklin • Gilman • Gorham • Alexander Hamilton • Ingersoll • Jackson • Jenifer • Johnson • King • Langdon • William Livingston • Madison • McHnery • Mifflin • Gouverneur Morris • R. Morris • Paterson • C.C. Pinckney • C. Pinckney • Read • Rutledge • Sherman • Spaight • George Washington • Williamson • Wilson

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