Person:Francis Walsingham (1)

Sir Francis Walsingham
b.abt 1536 London, England
d.6 Apr 1590 London, England
m. abt 1529
  1. Mary Walsingham
  2. Elizabeth WalsinghamABT 1530 - 1596
  3. Eleanor Walsingham
  4. Sir Francis Walsinghamabt 1536 - 1590
  1. Frances Walsingham1569 - 1631
Facts and Events
Name Sir Francis Walsingham
Gender Male
Birth[4] abt 1536 London, England
Death[4] 6 Apr 1590 London, England
Burial[4] St. Paul's Cathedral, London, England
  1.   Francis Walsingham, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, Secondary quality.

    the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

    Sir Francis Walsingham ( 1532 – 6 April 1590) was principal secretary to Queen Elizabeth I of England from 20 December 1573 until his death and is popularly remembered as her "spymaster".

    Born to a well-connected family of gentry, Walsingham travelled in continental Europe after leaving university before embarking at the age of twenty on a career in law. A committed Protestant, during the reign of the Catholic Queen Mary I of England he joined other expatriates in exile in Switzerland and northern Italy until Mary's death and the accession of her Protestant half-sister, Elizabeth.

    Walsingham rose from relative obscurity to become one of the small coterie who directed the Elizabethan state, overseeing foreign, domestic and religious policy. He served as English ambassador to France in the early 1570s and witnessed the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre. As principal secretary, he supported exploration, colonization, the use of England's maritime strength and the plantation of Ireland. He worked to bring Scotland and England together. Overall, his foreign policy demonstrated a new understanding of the role of England as a maritime, Protestant power in an increasingly global economy. He oversaw operations that penetrated Spanish military preparation, gathered intelligence from across Europe, disrupted a range of plots against Elizabeth and secured the execution of Mary, Queen of Scots.

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  2.   Dictionary of National Biography: Ref 920.042 D561n, 59:231, Secondary quality.

    Sir Francis was brought up as a zealous protestant, and absorbed the advanced Protestant doctrines of Calvinism. He left England on the accession of Queen Mary due to her Catholism. Queen Elizabeth recalled him to England where he served as her principle Secrtary of State for seventeen years from 1573-1590.

  3.   WALSINGHAM, Francis (c.1532-90), in The History of Parliament, Secondary quality.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Tyler, Lyon Gardiner. Encyclopedia of Virginia Biography. (New York, New York: Lewis Historical Pub. Co., c1915), 1:8, Secondary quality.

    Walsingham, Sir Francis, third and youngest son of William Walsingham, of Scadbury, parish of Chislehurst; principal Secretary of State of Queen Elizabeth in 1753, and "one of the pillars of her throne." He was a promoter of all the great expeditions during his time, and staunch friend of Gilbert's and Raleigh's plans to colonize America. He was born in 1536, died April 6, 1590, and was buried in St. Paul's Cathedral, London.