Person:Francis Walsingham (1)

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Sir. Francis Walsingham
b.1530 of London
d.6 APR 1590 London
m. abt 1529
  1. Mary Walsingham
  2. Sir. Francis Walsingham1530 - 1590
  3. Elizabeth WalsinghamABT 1530 - 1596
  4. Eleanor Walsingham
  1. Frances Walsingham1569 - 1631
Facts and Events
Name Sir. Francis Walsingham
Gender Male
Birth? 1530 of London
Death? 6 APR 1590 London


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Sir Francis Walsingham (c. 1532 – 6 April 1590) was principal secretary to Queen Elizabeth I of England from 20 December 1573 until his death, and is popularly remembered as her "spymaster".

Born to a well-connected family of gentry, Walsingham travelled in continental Europe after leaving university before embarking at the age of twenty on a career in law. A committed Protestant, during the reign of the Catholic Queen Mary I of England he joined other expatriates in exile in Switzerland and northern Italy until Mary's death and the accession of her Protestant half-sister, Elizabeth.

Walsingham rose from relative obscurity to become one of the small coterie who directed the Elizabethan state, overseeing foreign, domestic and religious policy. He served as English ambassador to France in the early 1570s and witnessed the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre. As principal secretary, he supported exploration, colonization, the use of England's maritime strength and the plantation of Ireland. He worked to bring Scotland and England together. Overall, his foreign policy demonstrated a new understanding of the role of England as a maritime, Protestant power in an increasingly global economy. He oversaw operations that penetrated Spanish military preparation, gathered intelligence from across Europe, disrupted a range of plots against Elizabeth and secured the execution of Mary, Queen of Scots.

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References
  1.   Francis Walsingham, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
  2.   Dictionary of National Biography: Ref 920.042 D561n, 59:231.

    Sir Francis was brought up as a zealous protestant, and absorbed the advanced Protestant doctrines of Calvinism. He left England on the accession of Queen Mary due to her Catholism. Queen Elizabeth recalled him to England where he served as her principle Secrtary of State for seventeen years from 1573-1590.

  3.   WALSINGHAM, Francis (c.1532-90), in The History of Parliament.