Person:Edward the Martyr (1)

Edward "the Martyr"
b.abt 963
d.18 Mar 978 Corfe gap, Dorset
Facts and Events
Name Edward "the Martyr"
Gender Male
Birth[3] abt 963
Death[1][3][4][5] 18 Mar 978 Corfe gap, Dorset
Alt Death[4][6] 18 Mar 979


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Edward the Martyr (Old English: Eadweard; c. 962 – 18 March 978) was king of the English from 975 until he was murdered in 978. Edward was the eldest son of King Edgar but was not his father's acknowledged heir. On Edgar's death, the leadership of England was contested, with some supporting Edward's claim to be king and others supporting his much younger half-brother Æthelred the Unready, recognized as a legitimate son of Edgar. Edward was chosen as king and was crowned by his main clerical supporters, the archbishops Dunstan and Oswald of Worcester.

The great nobles of the kingdom, ealdormen Ælfhere and Æthelwine, quarrelled, and civil war almost broke out. In the so-called anti-monastic reaction, the nobles took advantage of Edward's weakness to dispossess the Benedictine reformed monasteries of lands and other properties that King Edgar had granted to them.

Edward's short reign was brought to an end by his murder at Corfe Castle in circumstances that are not altogether clear. His body was reburied with great ceremony at Shaftesbury Abbey early in 980. In 1001 Edward's remains were moved to a more prominent place in the abbey, probably with the blessing of his half-brother King Æthelred. Edward was already reckoned a saint by this time.

A number of lives of Edward were written in the centuries following his death in which he was portrayed as a martyr, generally seen as a victim of the Queen Dowager Ælfthryth, mother of Æthelred. He is today recognized as a saint in the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Roman Catholic Church, and the Anglican Communion.

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References
  1. Edward the Martyr, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
  2.   St. Edward 'the Martyr', King of England, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
  3. 3.0 3.1 EADWARD, in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Eadgar, in Baldwin, Stewart, and Todd Farmerie. The Henry Project (King Henry II ): Ancestors of King Henry II.
  5. Earle, John (ed.), and Charles (ed.) Plummer. Two of the Saxon Chronicles Parallel. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1892), pp. 74-75.

    MSS (A) and (C) have the death in 978.

  6. Earle, John (ed.), and Charles (ed.) Plummer. Two of the Saxon Chronicles Parallel. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1892), p. 75.

    MS (E) has the death "æt Corfes geate on .xv. k: Apr:." in 979.

  7.   Edward 12 (Male), in The Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England.