Person:Edward the Elder (1)

Edward I "the Elder"
b.abt 872
Facts and Events
Name[11][20] Edward I "the Elder"
Alt Name[14][15] Eadweard
Gender Male
Birth[14][15][17] abt 872
Marriage abt 892 - 894 to Ecgwynn
Occupation[15] 899 - 924 King of the West Saxons
Other? House of Wessex
Other[16] 899 - 924 King of the Anglo-Saxons
Marriage bef 901 to Ælfflæd
Other Marriage Ending Status Divorce
with Ælfflæd
Occupation[15] abt 918 - 924 King of the Mercians
Marriage 0919 Wessex, Englandto Eadgifu
Reference Number 77877
Death[1][14][15] 17 Jul 924 Farndon, Cheshire, England
Ancestral File Number 8HS05M
Ancestral File Number 9GB3-CL
Burial[1][19] Winchester, Hampshire, EnglandWinchester Cathedral


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Edward the Elder (Old English ; c. 874–877 – 17 July 924) was an English king. He became king in 899 upon the death of his father, Alfred the Great. His court was at Winchester, previously the capital of Wessex. He captured the eastern Midlands and East Anglia from the Danes in 917 and became ruler of Mercia in 918 upon the death of Æthelflæd, his sister.

All but two of his charters give his title as "Anglorum Saxonum rex" or "king of the Anglo-Saxons". He was the second king of the Anglo-Saxons as this title was created by Alfred.[1] Edward's coinage reads "EADVVEARD REX." The chroniclers record that all England "accepted Edward as lord" in 920. But the fact that York continued to produce its own coinage suggests that Edward's authority was not accepted in Viking-ruled Northumbria. Edward's eponym "the Elder" was first used in Wulfstan's Life of St Æthelwold (c. 996) to distinguish him from the later King Edward the Martyr.

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References
  1. 1.0 1.1 Edward the Elder, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
  2.   Searle, William George. Anglo-Saxon bishops, kings and nobles, the succession of the bishops and the pedigrees of the kings and nobles. (Cambridge: University Press in Cambridge, 1899), pp. 343-344, pp. 346-347.
  3.   The Royal Line of Succession, A16A225, p. 6-7.
  4.   Hist. of the Anglo-Saxons, Eng. 36, v. 2, p. 143-197.
  5.   Plantagenet Ancestry, Eng. 116, p. 21.
  6.   Keiser und Koenig Hist., Gen. Hist. 25, pt 1, p. 12-13, 96-97.
  7.   Burke's Peerage, Eng. P, 1949, pref. p. 251.
  8.   Tab. Gen. Souv., France 22, Tab. 4, 5.
  9.   Anderson's Royal Gen., Eng. 132, p. 738.
  10.   Betham's Gen. Tab., Eng. 133, Tab. 601, 602.
  11. Denis R. Reid. Royal Genealogies DB. (Name: 149 Kimrose Lane, Broadview Heights, OH 44147-1258;).
  12.   Frederick Lewis Weis. Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America bef 1760. (Name: 7th ed Genealogical Publishing, Baltimore 1992;), line 1 pp 1-4.

    b 875, no place; d 924

  13.   Eadweard I, King of Wessex, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 EADWEARD, son of ALFRED King of Wessex & his wife Ealhswith ([872]-Farndon-on-Dee near Chester 17 Jul 924, bur Winchester Cathedral), in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 15.4 Eadweard (Edward) "the Elder", in Baldwin, Stewart, and Todd Farmerie. The Henry Project (King Henry II ): Ancestors of King Henry II.
  16. Edward 2 (Male), in The Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England.
  17. Asser, and William Henry (ed.) Stevenson. Asser's Life of King Alfred. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1904), p. 57.

    The estimate for Edward's birth date is based on the fact that he is named here by Asser as the second surviving child of Alfred and Ealhswith. (No birth place is given. "Wessex" would be conjectural.)

  18.   One early English chronicle claims Thyra, the wife of Gorm "The Old", King of Denmark, was the daughter of Edward I; however, all other early sagas and chronicles identify her as the daughter of (Earl) Klakharald of Jutland or Holstein. This is most likely as indicated by her great love and devotion to the Danish people in her efforts to better their conditions and to educate them. Based upon the one supposition mentioned above, however, she was erroneously sealed to the above couple on 28 Sep 1937.
  19. New Minster te Winchester werd door Edward de oudere gebouwd in 0901 als koninklijk mausoleum voor zijn vader Alfred de Grote en als kerk voor het nieuwe dorp. In oorsprong domineerde het naastgelegen kleinere 7de eeuwse Old Minster. Old Minster werd einde 10de eeuw echter volledig herbouwd op grote schaal. Bij wijze van competietie werd ca 0980 een 6 verdiepingen tellende klokketoren aan New Minster toegevoegd rijkelijk gegraveerd in de gekende Winchester-stijl. Met het bouwen van de huidige kathedraal en de Viking invallen werd het New Minster afgebroken en werden de monikken gedwongen te verhuizen naar het net buiten de noordelijke stadpoort gelegen Hyde. Hier werd een nieuwe abdijkerk gebouwd waar de resten van beide Saxische koningen werden herbegraven. De abdij van Hyde werd einde 1530 afgebroken. Op de plaats verscheen een groot Tudor domein dat op zijn beurt in 1769 grotendeels werd vernietigd. Alleen het 15de eeuwse poortgebouw overleeft vandaag tegenover de kerk van Hyde waar een plakaat herinnert aan de laatste rustplaats van beide grote koningen. Men denkt dat ze nu onder de parkeerplaats van het River Park Leisure Center liggen. Hun naam leeft verder in de straten zoals Arthur Road, Nuns road, King Alfred Place, Egbert road, Nuns walk, Monks road.
  20. The nickname "the Elder" was not, of course, used by Edward or his contemporaries.