Facts and Events
The son of Baptist Noel, 3rd Viscount Campden, he represented Rutland in the House of Commons of England from 1661 to 1679. He was appointed a deputy lieutenant of Rutland in March 1670. In 1676, he was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire in February, and Warden and Keeper of the New Forest in March.
After being appointed Colonel of the Hampshire Militia in 1678, he was briefly knight of the shire for Hampshire in 1679. On 3 February 1681, he was created Baron Noel and entered the House of Lords, and was appointed Custos Rotulorum of Hampshire. In 1682, he was given several local offices in Hampshire: Governor of Portsmouth, Constable of Porchester Castle, and Lieutenant of South Bere Forest. He succeeded his father in October as Viscount Campden and as Lord Lieutenant and Custos Rotulorum of Rutland, and was further honored at the end of the year when he was created Earl of Gainsborough on 1 December 1682.
Between December 1687 and January 1688, during the purge of James II, he was dismissed from all his Hampshire offices in favor of the Duke of Berwick, although he was commissioned a captain in the Queen Dowager's Regiment of Foot in 1687. He was also replaced by Earl of Peterborough as Lord Lieutenant of Rutland at this time.
By his first marriage to Lady Elizabeth Wriothesley, daughter of Thomas Wriothesley, 4th Earl of Southampton, he had five children:
On 25 March 1688, he was reappointed Warden and Keeper of the New Forest and the Park of Lyndhurst. He died in January 1689 and was succeeded by his son Wriothesley Baptist Noel, 2nd Earl of Gainsborough.