Person:Christopher Columbus (1)

Watchers
Cristoforo Colombo
b.abt 1451 Genoa, Italy
d.20 May 1506 Valladolid, Spain
Facts and Events
Name[2] Cristoforo Colombo
Alt Name Christopher Columbus
Alt Name[2] Cristóbal Colón
Gender Male
Alt Birth[2] abt 1446 Genoa, Italy
Birth[1] abt 1451 Genoa, Italy
Marriage abt 1470 Lisbon, Portugalto Felipa Moñiz
Marriage (not married)
to Beatriz Enríquez de Arana
Death[1][2] 20 May 1506 Valladolid, Spain
Burial[2] Santo Domingo Cathedral, Santo Domingo, Hispaniola(and is probably still there, the lengthy international controversy notwithstanding)


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Christopher Columbus (; ; ; (born between October 31, 1450 and October 30, 145120 May 1506) was an Italian explorer, navigator, and colonizer, born in the Republic of Genoa (Italy).[1] Under the auspices of the Catholic Monarchs of Spain, he completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean that led to general European awareness of the American continents. Those voyages, and his efforts to establish permanent settlements on the island of Hispaniola, initiated the Spanish colonization of the New World.

In the context of emerging western imperialism and economic competition between European kingdoms seeking wealth through the establishment of trade routes and colonies, Columbus' speculative proposal, to reach the East Indies by sailing westward, eventually received the support of the Spanish crown, which saw in it a chance to gain the upper hand over rival powers in the contest for the lucrative spice trade with Asia. During his first voyage in 1492, instead of reaching Japan as he had intended, Columbus landed in the Bahamas archipelago, at a locale he named San Salvador. Over the course of three more voyages, Columbus visited the Greater and Lesser Antilles, as well as the Caribbean coast of Venezuela and Central America, claiming them for the Spanish Empire.

Though Columbus was not the first European explorer to reach the Americas (having been preceded by the Norse expedition led by Leif Ericson in the 11th century), Columbus' voyages led to the first lasting European contact with the Americas, inaugurating a period of European exploration, conquest, and colonization that lasted for several centuries. They had, therefore, an enormous impact in the historical development of the modern Western world. Columbus himself saw his accomplishments primarily in the light of spreading the Christian religion.[2]

Never admitting that he had reached a continent previously unknown to Europeans, rather than the East Indies he had set out for, Columbus called the inhabitants of the lands he visited indios (Spanish for "Indians"). Columbus' strained relationship with the Spanish crown and its appointed colonial administrators in America led to his arrest and dismissal as governor of the settlements on the island of Hispaniola in 1500, and later to protracted litigation over the benefits which Columbus and his heirs claimed were owed to them by the crown.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Christopher Columbus. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

NOTE: He was born "Cristoforo Colombo" in Genoa. In Spain, he was known as Cristóbal Colón. Most scholars outside of Iberia use the neutral Latin "Christopher Columbus," which is also his standard name in the U.S. and the U.K.

References
  1. 1.0 1.1 Christopher Columbus, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Schoenrich, Otto. The Legacy of Christopher Columbus: Three Centuries of Disputes, Lawsuits, Struggles for Rewards and Inheritances, Brands by the Admiral of Aragón and Others, Spoliations by Sir Frances Drake and Others, Claims of Ilegitimates and Black Sheep, Resulting from the Discovery of America. (Glendale, California: A.H. Clark Co., 1949-50).