m. 16 AUG 1284
Facts and Events
Charles IV (Clermont 18/19 June 1294 – Vincennes 1 February 1328), called the Fair (French: le Bel) was Count of Champagne, King of Navarre (as Charles I) and the last "direct" Capetian King of France from 1322 to his death.
Charles was the third son of Philip IV; like his father, he was known as "the fair" or "the handsome". From 1323, Charles was confronted to a peasant revolt in Flanders and, in 1324, he unsuccessfully bid the elective German monarchy.
As duke of Guyenne, Edward II of England was Charles’s vassal but was reluctant to pay homage to another king. In retaliation, Charles conquered the Duchy of Guyenne in a conflict known as the War of Saint-Sardos (1324). In a peace agreement, Edward II accepted to swear allegiance to Charles and to pay a fine. In exchange, Guyenne was returned to Edward but with a much-reduced territory.
When Charles IV died without male heir, the senior lineage of the House of Capet ended; he was succeeded by his cousin Philip of Valois, but the contested legitimacy was one factor of the Hundred Years' War.