Person:Charles Darwin (1)

Watchers
Charles Robert Darwin
d.19 Apr 1882 Downe, Kent, England
m. 18 Apr 1796
  1. Marianne Darwin1798 -
  2. Caroline Sarah Darwin1800 - 1888
  3. Susan Elizabeth Darwin1803 -
  4. Erasmus Alvey Darwin1804 - 1881
  5. Charles Robert Darwin1809 - 1882
  6. Catherine Emily Darwin1810 -
  • HCharles Robert Darwin1809 - 1882
  • WEmma Darwin1808 - 1896
m. 29 Jan 1839
  1. William Erasmus Darwin1839 - 1914
  2. Anne Elizabeth Darwin1841 - 1851
  3. Etty Darwin1843 - 1929
  4. George Darwin1845 - 1912
  5. Francis Darwin1848 - 1925
  6. Leonard Darwin1850 - 1943
  7. Horace Darwin1851 - 1928
  8. Charles Waring Darwin1856 - 1858
Facts and Events
Name Charles Robert Darwin
Gender Male
Birth[1] 12 Feb 1809 Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England
Christening[3] 15 Nov 1809 Shrewsbury, Shropshire, EnglandSt Chad
Marriage 29 Jan 1839 to Emma Darwin
Death[1] 19 Apr 1882 Downe, Kent, England
Burial[2] Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Charles Robert Darwin, FRS (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an English naturalist and geologist, best known for his contributions to evolutionary theory. He established that all species of life have descended over time from common ancestors, and in a joint publication with Alfred Russel Wallace introduced his scientific theory that this branching pattern of evolution resulted from a process that he called natural selection, in which the struggle for existence has a similar effect to the artificial selection involved in selective breeding.

Darwin published his theory of evolution with compelling evidence in his 1859 book On the Origin of Species, overcoming scientific rejection of earlier concepts of transmutation of species. By the 1870s the scientific community and much of the general public had accepted evolution as a fact. However, many favoured competing explanations and it was not until the emergence of the modern evolutionary synthesis from the 1930s to the 1950s that a broad consensus developed in which natural selection was the basic mechanism of evolution. In modified form, Darwin's scientific discovery is the unifying theory of the life sciences, explaining the diversity of life.[1]

Darwin's early interest in nature led him to neglect his medical education at the University of Edinburgh; instead, he helped to investigate marine invertebrates. Studies at the University of Cambridge encouraged his passion for natural science. His five-year voyage on established him as an eminent geologist whose observations and theories supported Charles Lyell's uniformitarian ideas, and publication of his journal of the voyage made him famous as a popular author.

Puzzled by the geographical distribution of wildlife and fossils he collected on the voyage, Darwin began detailed investigations and in 1838 conceived his theory of natural selection. Although he discussed his ideas with several naturalists, he needed time for extensive research and his geological work had priority. He was writing up his theory in 1858 when Alfred Russel Wallace sent him an essay which described the same idea, prompting immediate joint publication of both of their theories. Darwin's work established evolutionary descent with modification as the dominant scientific explanation of diversification in nature.[2] In 1871 he examined human evolution and sexual selection in The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex, followed by The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals. His research on plants was published in a series of books, and in his final book, he examined earthworms and their effect on soil.

In recognition of Darwin's pre-eminence as a scientist, he was honoured with a major ceremonial funeral and buried in Westminster Abbey, close to John Herschel and Isaac Newton.[3] Darwin has been described as one of the most influential figures in human history.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Charles Darwin. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
References
  1. 1.0 1.1 Charles Darwin, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
  2. Charles Robert Darwin, in Find A Grave.
  3. FamilySearch. England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975. (Online: Intellectual Reserve, Inc.), (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/J362-MP8 : accessed 17 Dec 2013), Charles Robt. Darwin, 12 Feb 1809.