Person:Bolesław III Wrymouth (1)

Bolesław III "Wrymouth" , of Poland
b.20 Aug 1085 Kraków, Poland
Facts and Events
Name Bolesław III "Wrymouth" , of Poland
Gender Male
Birth? 20 Aug 1085 Kraków, Poland
Occupation? from 1102 to 1138 PolandKing of Poland
Other? House of Piast
Alt Marriage 15 Nov 1102 to Sbyslava Svyatopolkovna , Princess of Kiev
Other Marriage Ending Status Divorce
with Sbyslava Svyatopolkovna , Princess of Kiev
Marriage 1103 Kraków, Kraków, Polandto Sbyslava Svyatopolkovna , Princess of Kiev
Marriage 1113 to Salomea of Berg
Death? 28 Oct 1138 Kraków, Kraków, Poland
Ancestral File Number 6TKL-MF

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Bolesław III Wrymouth (also known as Bolesław III the Wry-mouthed) (20 August 1086 – 28 October 1138) was Prince of Poland from 1107 until 1138. He was the only child of Prince Władysław I Herman and his first wife Judith, daughter of Vratislaus II of Bohemia.

Bolesław spent his early adulthood fighting his older half-brother Zbigniew for domination and most of his rule attending to the policy of unification of Polish lands and maintaining full sovereignty of the Polish state in the face of constant threat from expansionist eastern policy of the Holy Roman Empire and her allies, most notably Bohemia. Bolesław III, like Bolesław II the Bold, based his foreign policy on maintaining good relations with neighboring Hungary and Kievan Rus, with whom he forged strong links through marriage and military cooperation. Another foreign policy goal was the gain and conversion of Pomerania, which he initiated successfully by adding most of Pomerania to his domains by 1102–1122. Bishop Otto of Bamberg from 1123 onward confirmed the Christianization. Bolesław III also upheld the independence of the Polish archbishopric of Gniezno. He strengthened the international position of Poland by his victory over the Holy Roman Empire in the Holy Roman-Polish War of 1109. He was also able to enlarge the country's territory. Despite undoubted successes, Boleslaus III Wrymouth committed serious political errors, even against Zbigniew of Poland, his half-brother. The crime against Zbigniew and his penance for it show Bolesław’s great ambition as well as his ability to find political compromise. His last, and perhaps the most momentous act, was his will and testament known as "The Succession Statute" in which he divided the country among his sons, leading to almost 200 years of feudal fragmentation of the Polish Kingdom. Nevertheless, Bolesław became a symbol of Polish political aspirations until well into 19th century.

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  1.   Bolesław III Wrymouth, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
  2.   BOLESŁAW of Poland, son of WŁADYSŁAW I HERMAN Prince of Poland & his second wife Judith of Bohemia (20 Aug [1086]-28 Oct 1138), in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.