Person:Bertrand Russell (6)

Watchers
Browse
Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell
b.18 May 1872
d.2 Feb 1970
m. 8 Nov 1864
  1. John Francis Stanley Russell, 2nd Earl Russell1865 - 1931
  2. Rachel Lucretia Russell1868 - 1874
  3. Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell1872 - 1970
Facts and Events
Name[1] Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell
Gender Male
Birth[1] 18 May 1872
Death[1] 2 Feb 1970


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell, OM, FRS (18 May 1872 – 2 February 1970) was a British nobleman, philosopher, logician, mathematician, historian, and social critic. At various points in his life he considered himself a liberal, a socialist, and a pacifist, but he also admitted that he had never been any of these in any profound sense. He was born in Monmouthshire, into one of the most prominent aristocratic families in Britain.

Russell led the British "revolt against idealism" in the early 20th century. He is considered one of the founders of analytic philosophy along with his predecessor Gottlob Frege, colleague G. E. Moore, and his protégé Ludwig Wittgenstein. He is widely held to be one of the 20th century's premier logicians.[1] He co-authored, with A. N. Whitehead, Principia Mathematica, an attempt to ground mathematics on logic. His philosophical essay "On Denoting" has been considered a "paradigm of philosophy". His work has had a considerable influence on logic, mathematics, set theory, linguistics, artificial intelligence, cognitive science, computer science (see type theory and type system), and philosophy, especially philosophy of language, epistemology, and metaphysics.

Russell was a prominent anti-war activist; he championed anti-imperialism and went to prison for his pacifism during World War I. Later, he campaigned against Adolf Hitler, then criticised Stalinist totalitarianism, attacked the involvement of the United States in the Vietnam War, and was an outspoken proponent of nuclear disarmament. In 1950 Russell was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature "in recognition of his varied and significant writings in which he champions humanitarian ideals and freedom of thought."

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Bertrand Russell. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
References
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Bertrand Russell, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).