Person:Benjamin Franklin (3)

     
Benjamin Franklin
m. 25 NOV 1689
  1. John Franklin1690 - 1756
  2. Peter Franklin1692 - 1766
  3. Mary Franklin1694 - 1731
  4. James Franklin1696/97 - 1734/35
  5. Sarah Franklin1699 - 1731
  6. Ebenezer Franklin1701 -
  7. Thomas Franklin1703 -
  8. Benjamin Franklin1705/6 - 1790
  9. Lydia Franklin1708 - 1758
  10. Jane Franklin1712 - 1794
  • HBenjamin Franklin1705/6 - 1790
  1. William Franklin1730 - 1813
  • HBenjamin Franklin1705/6 - 1790
  • WDeborah Read1708 - 1774
m. 1 SEP 1730
  1. Francis Folger Franklin1732 - 1736
  2. Sarah Franklin1743 - 1808
Facts and Events
Name Benjamin Franklin
Gender Male
Birth? 6 JAN 1705/6 Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts, United StatesOld Style
Christening? Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts, United StatesOld South Meeting House
Alt Birth? 17 JAN 1706 Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts, USANew Style
Marriage 1 SEP 1730 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USAto Deborah Read
Death? 17 APR 1790 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

American politician, inventor, and leading figure in American Colonial politics.


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Benjamin Franklin ( April 17, 1790) was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States and in many ways was "the First American". A world famous polymath, Franklin was a leading author, printer, political theorist, politician, postmaster, scientist, inventor, civic activist, statesman, and diplomat. As a scientist, he was a major figure in the American Enlightenment and the history of physics for his discoveries and theories regarding electricity. As an inventor, he is known for the lightning rod, bifocals, and the Franklin stove, among other inventions. He facilitated many civic organizations, including Philadelphia's fire department and a university.

Franklin earned the title of "The First American" for his early and indefatigable campaigning for colonial unity; as an author and spokesman in London for several colonies, then as the first United States Ambassador to France, he exemplified the emerging American nation. Franklin was foundational in defining the American ethos as a marriage of the practical values of thrift, hard work, education, community spirit, self-governing institutions, and opposition to authoritarianism both political and religious, with the scientific and tolerant values of the Enlightenment. In the words of historian Henry Steele Commager, "In a Franklin could be merged the virtues of Puritanism without its defects, the illumination of the Enlightenment without its heat." To Walter Isaacson, this makes Franklin "the most accomplished American of his age and the most influential in inventing the type of society America would become."

Franklin, always proud of his working class roots, became a successful newspaper editor and printer in Philadelphia, the leading city in the colonies. With two partners he published the Pennsylvania Chronicle, a newspaper that was known for its revolutionary sentiments and criticisms of the British policies. He became wealthy publishing Poor Richard's Almanack and The Pennsylvania Gazette.

He played a major role in establishing the University of Pennsylvania and was elected the first president of the American Philosophical Society. Franklin became a national hero in America when as agent for several colonies he spearheaded the effort to have Parliament in London repeal the unpopular Stamp Act. An accomplished diplomat, he was widely admired among the French as American minister to Paris and was a major figure in the development of positive Franco-American relations. His efforts to secure support for the American Revolution by shipments of crucial munitions proved vital for the American war effort.

For many years he was the British postmaster for the colonies, which enabled him to set up the first national communications network. He was active in community affairs, colonial and state politics, as well as national and international affairs. From 1785 to 1788, he served as governor of Pennsylvania. Toward the end of his life, he freed his own slaves and became one of the most prominent abolitionists.

His colorful life and legacy of scientific and political achievement, and status as one of America's most influential Founding Fathers, have seen Franklin honored on coinage and the $100 bill; warships; the names of many towns, counties, educational institutions, namesakes, and companies; and more than two centuries after his death, countless cultural references.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Benjamin Franklin. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
References
  1.   Papers of Benjamin Franklin, 1706-1790.
  2.   Record Commissioners of Boston. Boston Births from A.D. 1700 to A.D. 1800. (Boston: Rockwell and Churchill, 1894), 46.
  3.   Last Will and Testament, in National Historical Publications & Records Commission. Founders Online: Correspondence and Other Writings of Six Major Shapers of the United States, 28 Apr 1757.
Signers of U.S. Declaration of Independence
John AdamsSamuel AdamsJosiah BartlettCarter BraxtonCharles CarrollSamuel ChaseAbraham ClarkGeorge ClymerWilliam ElleryWilliam FloydBen FranklinElbridge GerryButton GwinnettLyman HallJohn HancockBenjamin HarrisonJohn HartJoseph HewesThomas HeywardWilliam HooperStephen HopkinsFrancis HopkinsonSamuel HuntingtonThomas JeffersonFrancis Lightfoot LeeRichard Henry LeeFrancis LewisLivingstonThomas LynchThomas McKeanArthur MiddletonLewis MorrisRobert MorrisJohn MortonThomas Nelson, Jr.William PacaRobert Treat PaineJohn PennGeorge ReadRodneyRossRushEdward RutledgeRoger ShermanSmithStocktonStoneTaylorThorntonWaltonWilliam WhippleWilliam WilliamsJames WilsonWitherspoonOliver WolcottWythe