Andrew III , of Hungary
d.14 Jan 1301 Buda, Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kis-Kun, Hungary
Facts and Events
Andrew III the Venetian (, ; 126514 January 1301) was King of Hungary and Croatia between 1290 and 1301. His father, Stephen the Posthumous, was the son of Andrew II of Hungary, but his brothers considered him a bastard. Andrew grew up in Venice. He first arrived in Hungary upon the invitation of a rebellious baron, Ivan Kőszegi in 1278, but achieved nothing against Ladislaus IV.
Andrew, the last male member of the House of Árpád, was elected king after King Ladislaus's death in 1290. He was the first Hungarian monarch to issue a coronation diploma confirming the privileges of the noblemen and the clergy. At least three pretendersAlbert of Austria, Mary of Hungary, and an adventurerchallenged his claim to the throne. Andrew expelled the adventurer from the country and forced Albert of Austria to conclude a peace in a year. However, Mary of Hungary and her offspring never renounced their claim which was also supported by the leading Croatian and Slavonian lords.
Andrew was primarily supported by the local bishops and his Venetian mother's wealthy family, but Hungary was in a state of constant anarchy during his reign. The Kőszegis, the Csáks, and other powerful families autonomously governed their domains and rebelled against him almost every year. With his death, the House of Árpád became extinct. A civil war ensued which lasted for more than two decades, and ended with the victory of Charles Robert, a grandson of Mary of Hungary.