Person:Alfonso X of Castile (1)

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Alfonso X "el Sabio" Fernandez , of Castile
Facts and Events
Name Alfonso X "el Sabio" Fernandez , of Castile
Gender Male
Birth[1] 23 Nov 1221 Toledo, Toledo, Castilla-La Mancha, Spain
Marriage 26 Nov 1246 Valladolid, Valladolid, Spainto Violant of Aragon
Other Marriage Ending Status Divorce
with Violant of Aragon
Alt Marriage 1248 to Violant of Aragon
Marriage  Cohabitation without marriage formalities?  
to
Death[1] 4 Apr 1284 Sevilla, Andalucía, Spain
Other? House of Ivrea


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Alfonso X (also occasionally Alphonso X, Alphonse X, or Alfons X, 23 November 1221 – 4 April 1284), called the Wise, was the King of Castile, León and Galicia from 30 May 1252 until his death. During the Imperial election of 1257, a dissident faction chose him to be King of the Romans on 1 April. He renounced his imperial claim in 1275, and in creating an alliance with England in 1254 his claim on Gascony also.

Alfonso established Castilian as a language of higher learning, and was a prolific author of Galician poetry, such as the Cantigas de Santa Maria, which are equally notable for their musical notation as for their literary merit. Alfonso's scientific interests—he is sometimes nicknamed "the Astrologer" (el Astrólogo)—led him to sponsor the creation of the Alfonsine tables, and the Alphonsus crater on the moon is named after him. As a legislator he introduced the first vernacular law code in Spain, the Siete Partidas. He created the Mesta, an association of sheep farmers in the central plain, but debased the coinage to finance his claim to the German crown. He fought a successful war with Portugal, but a less successful one with Granada. The end of his reign was marred by a civil war with his eldest surviving son, the future Sancho IV, which would continue after his death.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Alfonso X of Castile. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
References
  1. 1.0 1.1 Alfonso X of Castile, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).